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Table 3 Relationship between Hepatitis E knowledge and HEV infection among participants

From: Hepatitis e prevalence, knowledge, and practice of preventive measures among secondary school adolescents in rural Nigeria: a cross-sectional study

PARAMETER FREQUENCY (%) HEPATITIS E P-value
Yes (%) No (%)
AWARENESS     0.615b
 Yes 37 (8.9) 0 (0.0) 37 (100.0)  
 No 377 (91.1) 9 (2.4) 368 (97.6)  
ROUTES/MODES OF TRANSMISSION
 Waterborne     1.000b
  Yes 4 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (100.0)  
  No 410 (99.0) 9 (2.2) 401 (97.8)  
 Food Borne     0.626 b
  Yes 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
  No 414 (100.0) 9 (2.2) 405 (97.8)  
 Blood Borne     1.000 b
  Yes 25 (6.0) 0 (0.0) 25 (100.0)  
  No 389 (94.0) 9 (2.3) 380 (97.7)  
 Direct contact     1.000 b
  Yes 0.0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
  No 414 (100.0) 9 (2.2) 405 (97.8)  
SYMPTOMS
 Yellowness of eyes     1.000 b
  Yes 22 (5.3) 0 (0.0) 22 (100.0)  
  No 392 (94.7) 9 (2.3) 383 (97.7)  
 Fever     1.000 b
  Yes 10 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 10 (100.0)  
  No 404 (97.6) 9 (2.2) 395 (97.8)  
 Weakness     1.000 b
  Yes 8 (1.9) 0 (0.0) 8 (100.0)  
  No 406 (98.1) 9 (2.2) 397 (97.8)  
 Headache     1.000 b
  Yes 7 (1.7) 0 (0.0) 7 (100.0)  
  No 407 (98.3) 9 (2.2) 398 (97.8)  
Total 414 (100.0) 9 (2.2) 405 (97.8)  
  1. b = Fisher’s Exact value