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Table 2 The association of drinking status with T2DM by sex

From: Prevalence and characteristics of alcohol consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural China

Drinking status N (%) Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
Total
 Never drinker 30,347 (77.30) 1 [Reference] 1 [Reference] 1 [Reference]
 Former drinker 1832 (4.67) 1.41 (1.22, 1.62)* 1.45 (1.24, 1.70)* 1.42 (1.21, 1.66)*
 Current drinker 7080 (18.03) 0.78 (0.71, 0.86)* 1.04 (0.92, 1.16) 1.03 (0.91, 1.15)
WHO risk drinking levels
 Low-risk drinkers 5447 (61.71) 0.84 (0.76, 0.94)* 1.06 (0.94, 1.19) 1.04 (0.92, 1.18)
 Medium-risk drinkers 1848 (20.94) 0.96 (0.82, 1.13) 1.23 (1.03, 1.46)* 1.22 (1.02, 1.46)*
 High-risk drinkers 1532 (17.36) 1.07 (0.91, 1.27) 1.35 (1.12, 1.62)* 1.32 (1.10, 1.60)*
Men
 Never drinker 7257 (46.85) 1 [Reference] 1 [Reference] 1 [Reference]
 Former drinker 1768 (11.41) 1.49 (1.27, 1.74)* 1.52 (1.29, 1.79)* 1.49 (1.27, 1.76)*
 Current drinker 6465 (41.74) 0.85 (0.76, 0.96)* 1.00 (0.88, 1.14) 1.00 (0.88, 1.13)
WHO risk drinking levels
 Low-risk drinkers 4909 (60.13) 0.92 (0.81, 1.05) 1.06 (0.93, 1.21) 1.06 (0.92, 1.21)
 Medium-risk drinkers 1763 (21.59) 1.03 (0.86, 1.23) 1.19 (0.99, 1.43) 1.18 (0.98, 1.42)
 High-risk drinkers 1492 (18.28) 1.13 (0.94, 1.36) 1.32 (1.09, 1.60)* 1.29 (1.06, 1.57)*
Women
 Never drinker 23,090 (97.14) 1 [Reference] 1 [Reference] 1 [Reference]
 Former drinker 64 (0.27) 1.32 (0.63, 2.77) 1.35 (0.63, 2.88) 1.26 (0.59, 2.71)
 Current drinker 615 (2.59) 0.51 (0.35, 0.72) 0.60 (0.42, 0.86)* 0.57 (0.40, 0.82)*
WHO risk drinking levels
 Low-risk drinkers 538 (81.15) 0.55 (0.38, 0.79)* 0.66 (0.45, 0.96)* 0.61 (0.42, 0.88)*
 Medium-risk drinkers 85 (12.82) 0.70 (0.31, 1.61) 0.67 (0.29, 1.56) 0.75 (0.32, 1.75)
 High-risk drinkers 40 (6.03) 1.03 (0.35, 2.88) 1.04 (0.36, 2.98) 1.05 (0.37, 3.02)
  1. OR odds ratios, CI confidence intervals
  2. *, P < 0.05
  3. WHO risk drinking levels, low-risk drinkers (> 0 to 25 g/d for men,> 0 to 15 g/d for women), medium-risk drinkers (> 25 to 60 g/d for men, > 15 to 40 g/d for women), high-risk drinkers (> 60 g/d for men, > 40 g/d for women)
  4. Model 1: unadjusted; Model 2: adjusted for age, gender, education level, marital status, and smoking; Model 3: adjusted for model 2 plus family histories of T2DM, more vegetables and fruits intake, high fat diet, physical activity