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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants by drinking status

From: Prevalence and characteristics of alcohol consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural China

Characteristic, n (%) Total (n = 39,259) Drinking status P
Never drinker Former drinker Current drinker
Total 39,259 (100.00) 30,347 (77.30) 1832 (4.67) 7080 (18.03) < 0.001
Age (years, mean ± SD) 55.60 ± 12.19 55.89 ± 12.17 60.61 ± 10.10 53.05 ± 12.20 < 0.001
Sex < 0.001
 Men 15,490 (39.46) 7257 (46.85) 1768 (11.41) 6465 (41.74)  
 Women 23,769 (60.54) 23,090 (97.14) 64 (0.27) 615 (2.59)  
Marital status < 0.001
 Married/cohabiting 35,243 (89.77) 27,036 (76.71) 1656 (4.70) 6551 (18.59)  
 Unmarried/divorced/widowed 4016 (10.23) 3311 (82.45) 176 (4.38) 529 (13.17)  
Education levels < 0.001
 Primary school or illiteracy 17,572 (44.76) 14,848 (84.50) 707 (4.02) 2017 (11.48)  
 Junior high school 15,643 (39.85) 11,415 (72.97) 807 (5.16) 3421 (21.87)  
 High school or above 6044 (15.40) 4084 (67.57) 318 (5.26) 1642 (27.17)  
Income (RMB per month) < 0.001
  < 500 14,014 (35.70) 11,136 (79.36) 753 (5.37) 2125 (15.16)  
 500~ 12,907 (32.88) 10,023 (77.66) 576 (4.46) 2308 (17.88)  
 1000~ 12,338 (31.43) 9188 (74.47) 503 (4.08) 2647 (21.45)  
Smoking < 0.001
 Never 28,580 (72.80) 26,235 (91.79) 273 (0.96) 2072 (7.25)  
 Former 3192 (8.13) 1184 (37.09) 827 (25.91) 1180 (37.00)  
 Current 7487 (19.07) 2928 (39.11) 732 (9.78) 3827 (51.12)  
Physical activity < 0.001
 Low 12,715 (32.39) 9646 (75.86) 754 (5.93) 2315 (18.21)  
 Moderate 14,805 (37.71) 12,315 (83.18) 513 (3.47) 1977 (13.35)  
 High 11,739 (29.90) 8386 (71.44) 565 (4.81) 2788 (23.75)  
BMI < 0.001
 Underweight 952 (2.43) 787 (82.67) 51 (5.36) 114 (11.97)  
 Normal 15,749 (40.25) 12,209 (77.52) 808 (4.54) 2732 (18.58)  
 Overweight 15,479 (39.56) 11,901 (76.88) 702 (38.57) 2876 (40.73)  
 Obesity 6951 (17.76) 5353 (77.01) 259 (3.73) 1339 (19.26)  
SBP (mmHg, mean ± SD) 125.96 ± 19.99 125.74 ± 20.41 127.51 ± 19.44 126.49 ± 18.20 < 0.001
DBP (mmHg, mean ± SD) 77.70 ± 11.64 77.10 ± 11.44 78.07 ± 11.86 80.14 ± 12.12 < 0.001
TC (mmol/L, mean ± SD) 4.76 ± 0.99 4.78 ± 0.99 4.57 ± 0.97 4.70 ± 0.97 < 0.001
FPG (mmol/L, mean ± SD) 5.54 ± 1.51 5.54 ± 1.51 5.64 ± 1.63 5.52 ± 1.47 0.013
T2DM (yes) 3708 (1000)) 2924 (78.86) 239 (6.45) 545 (14.70) < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, RMB Renminbi, BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TC total cholesterol, FPG fasting plasma glucose, T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus