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Table 2 Individual lifestyles by neighbourhoods’ type

From: Unhealthy lifestyles, environment, well-being and health capability in rural neighbourhoods: a community-based cross-sectional study

Diet, n° times per week Small village Parish Council Municipality Total
(n = 84) (n = 112) (n = 74) (n = 270)
Vegetables and fruit
 Never 1 (1%) 1 (0.4%)
  < 1 1 (1%) 1 (1%) 2 (1%)
 1–3 3 (4%) 7 (6%) 3 (4%) 13 (5%)
 4–6 14 (17%) 11 (10%) 9 (12%) 34 (13%)
 Once or more per day 67 (80%) 93 (83%) 60 (81%) 220 (82%)
Milk and dairy products
 Never 8 (10%) 11 (10%) 6 (8%) 25 (9%)
  < 1 4 (5%) 8 (7%) 5 (7%) 17 (6%)
 1–3 7 (8%) 12 (11%) 8 (11%) 27 (10%)
 4–6 7 (8%) 5 (5%) 11 (15%) 23 (9%)
 Once or more per day 58 (69%) 76 (68%) 44 (60%) 178 (66%)
Fish, meat and eggs
 Never
  < 1 1 (1%) 1 (0.4%)
 1–3 1 (1%) 4 (4%) 5 (7%) 10 (4%)
 4–6 11 (13%) 9 (8%) 4 (5%) 24 (9%)
 Once or more per day 72 (86%) 98 (88%) 65 (88%) 235 (87%)
Bread, pasta or cereal
 Never
  < 1 1 (1%) 1 (1%) 2 (1%)
 1–3 4 (5%) 8 (7%) 6 (8%) 18 (7%)
 4–6 4 (5%) 17 (15%) 8 (11%) 29 (11%)
 Once or more per day 75 (89%) 87 (78%) 59 (80%) 221 (82%)
Legumes and grains
 Never 2 (2%) 3 (4%) 5 (2%)
  < 1 4 (5%) 11 (10%) 6 (8%) 21 (8%)
 1–3 27 (32%) 59 (53%) 28 (38%) 114 (42%)
 4–6 31 (37%) 25 (22%) 28 (38%) 84 (31%)
 Once or more per day 20 (24%) 17 (15%) 9 (12%) 46 (17%)
Fried and salty foods
 Never 13 (16%) 14 (13%) 11 (15%) 38 (14%)
  < 1 46 (55%) 65 (58%) 38 (51%) 149 (55%)
 1–3 23 (27%) 24 (21%) 20 (27%) 67 (25%)
 4–6 2 (2%) 7 (6%) 3 (4%) 12 (4%)
 Once or more per day 2 (2%) 2 (3%) 4 (2%)
Sweets
 Never 15 (18%) 19 (17%) 6 (8%) 40 (15%)
  < 1 39 (46%) 44 (39%) 35 (47%) 118 (44%)
 1–3 17 (20%) 21 (19%) 20 (27%) 58 (22%)
 4–6 11 (13%) 16 (14%) 7 (10%) 34 (13%)
 Once or more per day 2 (2%) 12 (11%) 6 (8%) 20 (7%)
Active lifestyles
 Regular activity 27 (32%) 49 (44%) 31 (42%) 107 (40%)
 Walking 17 (20%) 35 (31%) 22 (30%) 74 (27%)
 Cycling 1 (1%) 4 (4%) 5 (2%)
 Collective games 1 (1%) 3 (4%) 4 (2%)
 Outdoor running 1 (1%) 1 (0.4%)
 Holistic movement practices: yoga, Pilates 5 (6%) 13 (12%) 9 (12%) 27 (10%)
 Fitness equipment 1 (1%) 1 (1%) 2 (3%) 4 (2%)
 Water-based exercise 1 (1%) 8 (7%) 2 (3%) 11 (4%)
 Other(s) 2 (2%) 4 (4%) 1 (1%) 7 (3%)
Quality of lifea
 Mobility
  No problems 52 (62%) 74 (66%) 54 (73%) 180 (67%)
  Slight 19 (23%) 16 (14%) 9 (12%) 44 (16%)
  Moderate 9 (11%) 18 (16%) 10 (14%) 37 (14%)
  Severe 4 (5%) 4 (4%) 1 (1%) 9 (3%)
  Extreme
 Self-care (washing or dressing)
  No problems 74 (89%) 106 (96%) 66 (89%) 246 (92%)
  Slight 4 (5%) 4 (4%) 7 (10%) 15 (6%)
  Moderate 2 (2%) 1 (1%) 3 (1%)
  Severe
  Unable to self-care 3 (4%) 1 (1%) 4 (2%)
 Usual activities
  No problems 67 (80%) 91 (82%) 57 (77%) 215 (80%)
  Slight 10 (12%) 18 (16%) 13 (18%) 41 (15%)
  Moderate 5 (6%) 1 (1%) 3 (4%) 9 (3%)
  Severe
  Unable to do usual activities 2 (2%) 1 (1%) 1 (1%) 4 (2%)
Pain/discomfort
 No problems 15 (18%) 38 (34%) 32 (43%) 85 (32%)
 Slight 42 (50%) 42 (38%) 29 (39%) 113 (42%)
 Moderate 19 (23%) 24 (21%) 10 (14%) 53 (20%)
 Severe 7 (8%) 7 (6%) 3 (4%) 17 (6%)
 Extreme 1 (1%) 1 (0.4%)
Anxious or depressed
 No problems 40 (48%) 50 (45%) 42 (57%) 132 (49%)
 Slight 30 (36%) 39 (35%) 18 (24%) 87 (32%)
 Moderate 9 (11%) 18 (16%) 7 (10%) 34 (13%)
 Severe 5 (6%) 5 (5%) 7 (10%) 17 (6%)
 Extreme
Self-assessment of health and well-being
 Quality of life
  Strongly disagree 2 (2%) 2 (2%) 1 (1%) 5 (2%)
  Disagree 7 (8%) 9 (8%) 4 (5%) 20 (7%)
  Neither agree nor disagree 18 (21%) 13 (12%) 13 (18%) 44 (16%)
  Agree 42 (50%) 54 (48%) 37 (50%) 133 (49%)
  Strongly agree 15 (18%) 34 (30%) 19 (26%) 68 (25%)
 Health condition
  Very Good 3 (4%) 6 (5%) 4 (5%) 13 (5%)
  Good 43 (51%) 46 (41%) 38 (51%) 127 (47%)
  Reasonable 32 (38%) 53 (47%) 29 (39%) 114 (42%)
  Bad 6 (7%) 5 (5%) 2 (3%) 13 (5%)
  Very bad 2 (2%) 1 (1%) 3 (1%)
  1. aFollowing EQ-5D-5L. Data are in %, some percentages might not add to 100% due to the option given to subjects of not answering