Skip to main content

Table 7 Main factors affecting forgone care in terms of demographic, socioeconomic and disease-related variables

From: Forgone care in patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study

Variables Categories Social support Awareness and attitude on disease and treatment Quality of care Accessibility
Mean ± SD P-value Mean ± SD P-value Mean ± SD P-value Mean ± SD P-value
Gender Male 18.11 ± 19.13 .26 19.24 ± 19.76 .37 66.04 ± 39.34 .004 37.59 ± 24.95 .57
Female 16.77 ± 18.63 18.17 ± 18.40 58.87 ± 39.76 36.71 ± 25.22
Age <  40 22.83 ± 20.32 .001 21.89 ± 19.87 .02 61.07 ± 38.89 .98 41.14 ± 25.01 .08
40–60 17.33 ± 19.73 19.07 ± 19.30 61.12 ± 39.55 37.31 ± 25.03
>  60 15.63 ± 17.02 17.05 ± 18.00 61.52 ± 40.25 35.59 ± 25.17
Marital status Married 16.57 ± 18.61 .01 17.88 ± 18.66 .01 61.53 ± 39.85 .65 36.45 ± 25.23 .10
Single 20.19 ± 19.43 21.45 ± 19.59 60.18 ± 39.36 39.52 ± 24.52
Income status <  1500 international $ 18.29 ± 21.01 .75 18.82 ± 19.94 .49 53.21 ± 38.56 < .0001 42.51 ± 25.96 < .0001
>  1500 international $ 17.83 ± 17.42 19.79 ± 18.85 68.13 ± 38.08 30.28 ± 23.59
Education status Illiterate 18.35 ± 19.48 .04 17.83 ± 17.95 .45 60.11 ± 39.26 .32 40.97 ± 25.00 < .0001
Reading and writing ability 15.82 ± 17.89 18.41 ± 19.64 60.22 ± 40.44 37.19 ± 24.95
Diploma 16.02 ± 18.50 19.55 ± 19.18 64.26 ± 39.79 30.58 ± 23.60
Academic education 21.48 ± 19.50 21.28 ± 19.59 67.80 ± 38.57 26.30 ± 25.03
Habitant status Urban 16.83 ± 18.70 .057 18.15 ± 18.74 .07 61.39 ± 40.26 .81 35.18 ± 24.22 < .0001
Rural 20.23 ± 19.39 21.40 ± 19.69 60.60 ± 36.00 50.49 ± 27.60
Type of basic health insurance Iranian health insurance 17.59 ± 17.94 .53 20.65 ± 18.83 .006 66.11 ± 38.82 .003 41.40 ± 25.96 < .0001
Social security 16.87 ± 19.24 17.38 ± 18.83 58.72 ± 39.96 34.57 ± 24.17
Supplementary health insurance status Yes 16.40 ± 18.50 .23 18.48 ± 18.23 .94 63.72 ± 39.58 .09 30.74 ± 23.14 < .0001
No 17.76 ± 18.99 18.55 ± 19.29 59.72 ± 39.80 41.09 ± 25.54
Chronicity (in years) of DM <  5 year 18.61 ± 20.12 .12 21.01 ± 20.96 .003 60.01 ± 39.44 .05 37.51 ± 24.52 .80
5 to 10 years 15.68 ± 17.70 17.66 ± 17.33 57.24 ± 40.41 36.19 ± 23.53
>  10 years 16.88 ± 18.11 16.74 ± 17.45 64.47 ± 39.43 36.98 ± 26.60
Type of current treatment Oral pills 16.46 ± 18.85 .23 18.53 ± 19.07 .009 59.26 ± 40.68 .06 35.37 ± 25.09 .55
Insulin 17.86 ± 18.32 17.50 ± 17.26 64.70 ± 38.61 38.96 ± 25.22
Change in lifestyle (change in diet and physical activity) 19.80 ± 21.18 24.91 ± 24.92 57.39 ± 37.47 39.04 ± 24.09
Presence of co-morbidity or complications Yes 17.38 ± 18.65 .63 18.35 ± 18.76 .57 64.50 ± 39.58 <.0001 37.74 ± 24.99 .08
No 16.74 ± 19.30 19.09 ± 19.25 51.00 ± 38.57 34.66 ± 25.46
Hospitalization due to complications of DM in the past year Yes 19.07 ± 18.87 .03 18.36 ± 17.43 .84 66.03 ± 37.63 .006 40.86 ± 25.50 .001
No 16.42 ± 18.73 18.60 ± 19.47 59.20 ± 40.48 35.34 ± 24.79
Disease severity Sever 19.09 ± 18.95 <.0001 19.57 ± 18.51 .083 65.99 ± 38.55 < .0001 41.29 ± 24.64 < .0001
Moderate 14.79 ± 17.85 16.89 ± 17.91 46.17 ± 37.28 32.82 ± 24.10
Low 14.34 ± 18.73 17.19 ± 20.60 62.75 ± 41.92 29.02 ± 24.90