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Table 2 Characteristics associated with healthy behaviors (cigarette use, healthy eating, physical activity), stratified by race. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) are presented for the logistic model; beta coefficients (βc) and 95% CI are presented for linear models

From: Association between neighborhood social cohesion, awareness of chronic diseases, and participation in healthy behaviors in a community cohort

Characteristics Cigarette use Healthy eating Physical activity
African Americans aOR
(95% CI)
Whites aOR
(95% CI)
African Americans βc (95% CI) Whites βc
(95% CI)
African Americans βc (95% CI) Whites βc
(95% CI)
Mean neighborhood social cohesion score 0.95 (0.80, 1.14) 0.76 (0.61, 0.94) 0.46 (−0.48, 1.39) 1.75 (0.53, 2.97) 0.09 (0.04, 0.15) 0.14 (0.08, 0.21)
Age (per year) 0.97 (0.95, 0.98) 0.98 (0.95, 0.99) 0.28 (0.19, 0.37) 0.15 (0.01, 0.28) −0.07 (− 0.01, − 0.002) −0.003 (− 0.01, 0.004)
Female sex 0.67 (0.51, 0.89) 1.24 (0.87, 1.78) 0.59 (−0.85, 2.05) 2.71 (0.62, 4.80) −0.12 (− 0.19, − 0.04) −0.17 (− 0.28, − 0.05)
High school graduate or above 0.62 (0.47, 0.84) 1.54 (0.37, 0.78) 2.78 (1.24, 4.32) 4.13 (1.86, 6.39) 0.07 (−0.01, 0.16) 0.16 (0.04, 0.29)
Poverty (< 125% federal poverty level) 1.53 (1.17, 2.02) 1.45 (0.99, 2.01) −1.88 (−3.31, −0.44) −3.44 (−5.69, − 1.18) −0.03 (− 0.11, 0.05) −0.17 (− 0.29, − 0.04)
Insurance status 0.82 (0.59, 1.13) 0.82 (0.52, 1.26) 1.49 (− 0.27, 3.26) 1.67 (− 1.03, 4.37) −0.06 (− 0.16, 0.04) −0.03 (− 0.18, 0.12)
Regular provider for healthcare 0.72 (0.52, 1.00) 0.55 (0.36, 0.85) 1.19 (0.87, 1.61) 1.99 (−0.68, 4.66) −0.003 (− 0.10, 0.09) 0.12 (− 0.03, 0.27)
Diabetes diagnosis 0.70 (0.51, 0.98) 1.13 (0.72, 1.76) 1.37 (−0.31, 3.05) 2.14 (− 0.47, 4.74) −0.17 (− 0.26, − 0.08) −0.25 (− 0.39, − 0.10)
Hypertension diagnosis 1.09 (0.80, 1.49) 0.92 (0.63, 1.34) − 0.80 (−2.44, 0.83) −1.49 (− 3.69, 0.71) −0.17 (− 0.26, − 0.08) −0.26 (− 0.38, − 0.14)
eGFR (per ml/min/1.73m2) 1.00 (1.00, 1.01) 1.01 (0.99, 1.02) 0.04 (− 0.006, 0.08) −0.02 (− 0.09, 0.05) 0.0009 (− 0.001, 0.003) 0.005 (0.001, 0.009)
uACR (per mg/g) 0.99 (0.99, 1.00) 1.00 (1.00, 1.00) −0.0005 (− 0.004, 0.003) −0.0005 (− 0.004, 0.003) −6 × 10− 5 (− 0.0002, 0.00008) −2.27 × 10− 6 (− 0.0001, 0.0001)
  1. Models are adjusted for all covariates listed
  2. eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, UACR urine albumin:creatinine ratio