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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population, by tertile of social cohesion

From: Association between neighborhood social cohesion, awareness of chronic diseases, and participation in healthy behaviors in a community cohort

Characteristics Alla Tertile 1 Social Cohesion Score Tertile 2 Social Cohesion Score Tertile 3 Social Cohesion score P Value
  range: 1.-0–3.0 range: 3.2–3.6 range: 3.7–5.0
N = 2082 N = 792 N = 565 N = 561
Overall Mean NSC (SD) 3.29 (0.80) 2.55 (0.51) 3.39 (0.16) 4.24 (0.38)  
Age, mean (SD) 56.5 (9.1) 55.8 (9.0) 56.9 (9.0) 56.9 (9.4) 0.03
Female, N (%) 1133 (59.1) 492 (62.1) 300 (53.1) 341 (60.8) 0.002
Race/ethnicity, N (%)      < 0.001
 White 792 (38.7) 325 (41.0) 183 (32.3) 241 (43.0)  
 African American 1278 (61.4) 467 (59.0) 382 (67.6) 320 (57.0)  
Educational attainment, N (%)      < 0.001
  < High school 604 (32.3) 283 (36.7) 197 (35.6) 124 (22.6)  
 High school graduate 1023 (54.6) 418 (54.2) 300 (54.3) 305 (55.7)  
 College graduate 245 (13.1) 70 (9.1) 56 (10.1) 119 (21.7)  
Poverty (< 125% poverty level), N (%) 755 (39.4) 356 (45.0) 228 (40.4) 171 (30.5) < 0.001
Low health literacy, N (%) 264 (12.7) 99 (17.2) 79 (18.3) 57 (12.7) 0.05
Has health insurance, N (%) 1351 (64.9) 490 (61.9) 359 (63.5) 398 (70.9) 0.002
Regular source of healthcare, N (%) 1290 (68.8) 477 (61.7) 343 (62.0) 373 (68.0) 0.04
Diagnosed diabetes, N (%) 504 (26.3) 216 (27.3) 121 (21.4) 114 (20.4) 0.005
Diagnosed hypertension, N (%) 1340 (70.0) 510 (64.4) 371 (65.8) 344 (61.5) 0.32
BMI, mean (SD) 30.9 (7.9) 31.2 (8.1) 30.6 (7.2) 30.7 (7.9) 0.36
Hemoglobin A1c, mean (SD) 6.2 (1.3) 6.2 (1.3) 6.2 (1.2) 6.1 (1.3) 0.36
SBP (mmHg), mean (SD) 117.3 (20.3) 117.4 (19.8) 117.7 (19.3) 116.3 (21.8) 0.39
DBP (mmHg), mean (SD) 65.6 (11.1) 65.7 (10.6) 65.8 (10.4) 64.7 (12.2) 0.15
eGFR (ml/min/1.73m2), mean (SD) 80.8 (18.5) 81.0 (18.1) 80.4 (18.3) 81.4 (18.7) 0.62
eGFR < 60 min/min/1.73m2, N (%) 271 (58.9) 113 (61.4) 85 (58.6) 73 (55.7) 0.39
Albuminuria (mg/g), median (IQR) 5.5 (3.5, 12.8) 5.5 (3.5, 12.6) 5.4 (3.5, 13.9) 5.1 (3.2, 11.3) 0.42
Albuminuria > 30 mg/g, N (%) 263 (13.9) 110 (14.1) 83 (14.8) 70 (12.7) 0.59
  1. aAmong the entire cohort, n = 2082 for all rows except: Age: (n = 1917), Educational attainment (total n = 2034), Health literacy (total n = 1558), Regular source of healthcare (total n = 2036); Diagnosed hypertension (total n = 207), Diagnosed diabetes (total n = 2081), BMI (n = 1903), Hemoglobin A1c (total n = 1893), SBP and DBP (total n = 1910), eGFR (n = 1904), albuminuria total (n = 1893). Approximately 91.7% of the population (n = 1918) answered questions about social cohesion