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Table 1 Sample characteristics by past-year injury-related ED visit status among respondents of CCHS 2005–2017

From: Examining the relationship between food insecurity and causes of injury in Canadian adults and adolescents

  No injury-related ED visit Any injury-related ED visit Total
Household food insecurity
 Food-secure 89.4 85.4 89.0
 Marginal food insecurity 3.5 4.1 3.6
 Moderate food insecurity 4.7 6.3 4.9
 Severe food insecurity 2.3 4.2 2.5
Sex
 Male 45.0 50.1 45.5
 Female 55.0 49.9 54.5
Age (years) ± SD 48.4 ± 20.6 45.5 ± 22.3 48.1 ± 20.8
Race-ethnicity
 White 84.8 87.7 85.1
 Black 1.7 1.0 1.6
 Indigenous 9.5 5.2 9.0
 Others 3.2 5.1 3.4
 Not stated 0.8 1.0 0.9
Immigrant status
 Canadian-born 80.1 85.8 80.6
 Immigrant 19.7 14.1 19.1
 Not stated 0.3 0.2 0.3
Household income (Canadian dollar)
 Less than $20,000 7.0 8.8 7.2
 $20,000 - 39,999 14.6 15.4 14.7
 $40,000 - 59,999 13.9 13.6 13.9
 $60,000 - 79,999 12.3 11.5 12.2
 $80,000 or more 30.6 27.9 30.4
 Not stated 21.5 22.7 21.6
Highest education in household
 High school incomplete 13.3 13.9 13.4
 High school graduate 9.0 10.2 9.2
 Some college 3.5 3.9 3.5
 College degree 69.8 66.8 69.5
 Not stated 4.3 5.2 4.4
Housing tenure
 Renter 21.3 25.1 21.7
 Homeowner 78.5 74.7 78.2
 Not stated 0.1 0.2 0.1
Household type
 Couples with children 32.7 33.8 32.9
 Couples without children 31.5 27.2 31.1
 Lone parents 8.0 10.2 8.2
 Others 27.4 28.4 27.5
 Not stated 0.3 0.4 0.3
Province of residence
 Ontario 85.9 84.0 85.7
 Alberta 14.1 16.0 14.3
Tobacco smoking status
 Never smoked 40.7 38.7 40.5
 Former smoker 40.1 37.1 39.8
 Current smoker 19.1 24.0 19.6
 Not stated 0.1 0.2 0.1
Past-year alcohol consumption
 None 46.9 47.2 46.9
 Any up to once a week 23.7 25.5 23.8
 More than once a week 29.2 26.9 28.9
 Not stated 0.3 0.4 0.3
CCHS cycle
 Cycle 2005–2006 15.9 15.8 15.9
 Cycle 2007–2008 16.7 16.3 16.7
 Cycle 2009–2010 15.8 15.4 15.8
 Cycle 2011–2012 16.9 16.3 16.8
 Cycle 2013–2014 19.7 19.8 19.7
 Cycle 2015–2016 5.3 5.7 5.3
 Cycle 2017 9.7 10.6 9.8
ED visit 13–24 months ago
 No 67.8 48.0 65.9
 Yes 32.2 52.0 34.1
 Frequency in a year (times) 0.91 ± 4.23 2.13 ± 8.50 1.03 ± 4.83
Number of respondents 191,400 20,900 212,300
  1. Notes: ED = emergency department. All differences between any injury and no injury are significant at p < 0.001 based on chi-square tests for the categorical variables and t-tests for age and frequency of ED visits 13–24 months ago