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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics of health insurance ownership among pregnant women in Indonesia (n = 2542)

From: The determinant of health insurance ownership among pregnant women in Indonesia

CHARACTERISTICS HEALTH INSURANCE OWNERSHIP p-value
No Yes
n % n %
Type of place of residence      0.055
 - Urban 459 44.7 737 48.6  
 - Rural 567 55.3 779 51.4  
Age groups      **0.006
 - 15–19 9 0.9 9 0.6  
 - 20–24 91 8.9 108 7.1  
 - 25–29 269 26.2 370 24.4  
 - 30–34 308 30.0 472 31.1  
 - 35–39 284 27.7 430 28.4  
 - 40–44 54 5.3 123 8.1  
 - 45–49 11 1.0 4 0.3  
Education level      ***0.000
 - No education 23 2.2 17 1.1  
 - Primary 315 30.7 407 26.8  
 - Secondary 602 58.7 835 55.1  
 - Higher 86 8.4 257 17.0  
Employment status      **0.005
 - Unemployed 632 61.6 849 56.0  
 - Employed 394 38.4 667 44.0  
Marital status      0.109
 - Never in union 0 0.0 3 0.2  
 - Married/living with partner 1017 99.1 1507 99.4  
 - Widowed/divorced 9 0.9 6 0.4  
Wealth status      ***0.000
 - Poorest 321 31.3 468 30.9  
 - Poorer 212 20.7 270 17.8  
 - Middle 237 23.1 240 15.8  
 - Richer 135 13.1 235 15.5  
 - Richest 121 11.8 303 20.0  
Parity      **0.009
 - Primiparous 282 27.5 415 27.4  
 - Multiparous 649 63.3 902 59.5  
 - Grande multiparous 95 9.2 199 13.1  
Know the danger signs of pregnancy      ***0.000
 - No 425 41.4 470 31.0  
 - Yes 601 58.6 1046 69.0  
  1. Note: p < 0.05; p < 0.01; p < 0.001