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Table 1 Pearson correlations between national maternal mortality ratio and total health financing composition

From: Maternal mortality ratio in China from 1990 to 2019: trends, causes and correlations

  THE GHE SHE OOPHE
Absolute number
(billion Yuan)
Proportion in GDP
(%)
Absolute number
(billion Yuan)
Proportion
in THE
(%)
Absolute
number
(billion Yuan)
Proportion
in THE
(%)
Absolute
number
(billion Yuan)
Proportion
in THE
(%)
1990 74.74 3.96 18.73 25.06 29.31 39.22 26.70 35.73
1991 89.35 4.06 20.41 22.84 35.44 39.67 33.50 37.50
1992 109.69 4.03 22.86 20.84 43.16 39.34 43.67 39.81
1993 137.78 3.86 27.21 19.75 52.48 38.09 58.10 42.17
1994 176.12 3.62 34.23 19.43 64.49 36.62 77.41 43.95
1995 215.51 3.51 38.73 17.97 76.78 35.63 100.00 46.4
1996 270.94 3.77 46.16 17.04 87.57 32.32 137.22 50.64
1997 319.67 4.01 52.36 16.38 98.41 30.78 168.91 52.84
1998 367.87 4.32 59.01 16.04 107.10 29.11 201.76 54.85
1999 404.75 4.47 64.10 15.84 114.60 28.31 226.06 55.85
2000 458.66 4.57 70.95 15.47 117.19 25.55 270.52 58.98
2001 502.59 4.53 80.06 15.93 121.14 24.10 301.39 59.97
2002 579.00 4.76 90.85 15.69 153.94 26.59 334.21 57.72
2003 658.41 4.79 111.69 16.96 178.85 27.16 367.87 55.87
2004 759.03 4.69 129.36 17.04 222.54 29.32 407.14 53.64
2005 865.99 4.62 155.25 17.93 258.64 29.87 452.10 52.21
2006 984.33 4.49 177.89 18.07 321.09 32.62 485.36 49.31
2007 1157.40 4.28 258.16 22.31 389.37 33.64 509.87 44.05
2008 1453.54 4.55 359.39 24.73 506.56 34.85 587.59 40.42
2009 1754.19 5.03 481.63 27.46 615.45 35.08 657.12 37.46
2010 1998.04 4.84 573.25 28.69 719.66 36.02 705.13 35.29
2011 2434.59 4.98 746.42 30.66 841.65 34.57 846.53 34.80
2012 2811.90 5.20 843.20 29.99 1003.07 35.67 965.63 34.34
2013 3166.90 5.32 954.58 30.10 1139.38 36.00 1072.93 33.90
2014 3531.24 5.48 1057.92 29.96 1343.78 38.05 1129.54 31.99
2015 4097.46 5.95 1247.53 30.45 1650.67 40.29 1199.27 29.27
2016 4634.49 6.23 1391.03 30.01 1909.67 41.21 1333.79 28.78
2017 5259.83 6.36 1520.59 28.91 2225.88 42.32 1513.36 28.77
2018 5912.12 6.57 1639.91 27.74 2581.08 43.66 1691.20 28.61
2019 6584.14 6.64 1801.70 27.36 2915.06 44.27 1867.39 28.36
r −0.839 −0.848 −0.834 −0.667 −0.796 −0.288 −0.895 0.516
p < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.122 < 0.01 < 0.01
  1. THE total health expenditure; GHE government health expenditure; OOPHE out-of-pocket health expenditure; SHE social health expenditure; GDP gross domestic product