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Table 3 Multivariate analysis results of disease group among workers in the integrated textile factories (n = 7992)

From: Registered health problems and demographic profile of integrated textile factory workers in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Disease Factor variables Bivariate analysis
COR (95% CI)
Multivariate analysis
AOR (95% CI)
P-value
Respiratory diseases Textile 1.24 (1.08–1.42) 1.22 (1.06–1.41)* 0.007
Garment 0.95 (0.83–1.09) 1.30 (1.11–1.52)* 0.001
Female 0.91 (0.82–1.00) 1.13 (1.01–1.26)* 0.033
Read and write 1.48 (1.25–1.77) 1.05 (0.87–1.27) 0.619
Factory 1 2.32 (2.06–2.61) 2.72 (2.39–3.10)* <  0.001
Factory 2 2.92 (2.58–3.30) 2.29 (1.98–2.65)* <  0.001
Age 1.03 (1.02–1.03) 1.02 (1.02–1.03)* <  0.001
Musculoskeletal disorders Textile 1.39 (1.20–1.61) 1.41 (1.21–1.65)* <  0.001
Garment 1.22 (1.05–1.41) 1.67 (1.41–1.98)* <  0.001
Female 1.11 (1.01–1.23) 1.37 (1.21–1.54)* <  0.001
Read and write 2.14 (1.79–2.54) 1.52 (1.25–1.84)* <  0.001
Factory 1 2.12 (1.88–2.40) 2.88 (2.52–3.30)* <  0.001
Factory 2 2.89 (2.55–3.28) 2.08 (1.78–2.42)* <  0.001
Age 1.03 (1.03–1.04) 1.03 (1.03–1.04)* <  0.001
Injuries Textile 1.86 (1.56–2.22) 1.79 (1.49–2.16)* <  0.001
Garment 0.96 (0.80–1.15) 1.66 (1.35–2.05)* <  0.001
Female 0.63 (0.56–0.70) 0.82 (0.71–0.94)* 0.004
Read and write 1.62 (1.32–1.98) 1.38 (1.10–1.73)* 0.005
Factory 1 4.81 (4.18–5.54) 4.90 (4.20–5.70)* <  0.001
Factory 2 3.39 (2.92–3.95) 2.60 (2.17–3.11)* <  0.001
Age 1.01 (1.01–1.02) 1.01 (1.01–1.02)* <  0.001
Gastrointestinal Textile 1.29 (1.09–1.53) 1.29 (1.08–1.53)* 0.004
Garment 1.47 (1.24–1.73) 1.67 (1.39–2.01)* <  0.001
Female 1.15 (1.03–1.29) 1.11 (0.98–1.26) 0.110
Read and write 1.25 (1.02–1.53) 1.10 (0.89–1.36) 0.388
Factory 1 1.31 (1.14–1.50) 1.57 (1.35–1.82)* <  0.001
Factory 2 1.48 (1.28–1.70) 1.39 (1.18–1.65)* <  0.001
Age 1.01 (1.01–1.02) 1.01 (1.01–1.02)* <  0.001
Peptic ulcer Textile 1.52 (1.28–1.81) 1.36 (1.14–1.64)* 0.001
Garment 1.33 (1.12–1.59) 1.56 (1.28–1.90)* <  0.001
Female 1.39 (1.24–1.56) 1.79 (1.56–2.05)* <  0.001
Read and write 1.66 (1.37–2.02) 1.19 (0.96–1.48) 0.12
Factory 1 2.55 (2.22–2.93) 3.45 (20.96–4.02)* <  0.001
Factory 2 3.12 (2.71–3.59) 2.84 (2.39–3.38)* <  0.001
Age 1.02 (1.02–1.03) 1.02 (1.01–1.03)* <  0.001
Acute Febrile Illness Textile 1.38 (1.17–1.64) 1.15 (0.95–1.38) 0.146
Garment 0.74 (0.62–0.89) 1.19 (0.97–1.46) 0.100
Female 0.81 (0.72–0.91) 1.29 (1.12–1.48)* <  0.001
Read and write 1.76 (1.44–2.15) 1.42 (1.13–1.78)* 0.003
Factory 1 8.28 (7.12–9.62) 9.67 (8.19–11.40)* <  0.001
Factory 2 5.66 (4.83–6.64) 4.82 (3.99–5.83)* <  0.001
Age 1.02 (1.01–1.02) 1.01 (1.01–1.02)* <  0.001
Allergies Textile 1.25 (1.00–1.55) 1.16 (0.92–1.47) 0.206
Garment 0.57 (0.45–0.73) 1.09 (0.83–1.43) 0.527
Female 0.61 (0.52–0.72) 0.94 (0.78–1.12) 0.468
Read and write 2.16 (1.69–2.77) 1.07 (0.81–1.41) 0.621
Factory 1 4.54 (3.62–5.69) 4.76 (3.74–6.06)* <  0.001
Factory 2 10.20 (8.28–12.55) 7.51 (5.88–9.59)* <  0.001
Age 1.05 (1.05–1.06) 1.02 (1.01–1.03)* <  0.001
Mouth diseases Textile 1.34 (1.08–1.66) 1.26 (1.01–1.57)* 0.041
Garment 1.23 (1.00–1.52) 1.19 (0.94–1.51) 0.150
Female 1.35 (1.16–1.56) 1.54 (1.30–1.81)* <  0.001
Read and write 1.22 (0.95–1.58) 1.02 (0.78–1.34) 0.877
Factory 1 1.44 (1.21–1.71) 1.65 (1.37–1.99)* <  0.001
Factory 2 1.67 (1.40–1.98) 1.55 (1.25–1.91)* <  0.001
Age 1.01 (1.01–1.02) 1.01 (1.00–1.02)* 0.005
Anemia Textile 1.09 (0.57–2.06) 0.99 (0.52–1.90) 0.976
Garment 1.97 (1.09–3.58) 1.17 (0.62–2.22) 0.631
Female 3.23 (1.99–5.25) 2.83 (1.67–4.79)* <  0.001
Read and write 1.43 (0.76–2.67) @  
Factory 1 0.08 (0.02–0.31) 0.10 (0.02–0.41)* 0.001
Factory 2 1.21 (0.79–1.87) 1.59 (0.99–2.55) 0.053
Age 1.00 (0.99–1.02) @  
Hypertension Textile 1.31 (0.80–2.15) 1.28 (0.77–2.14) 0.338
Garment 0.42 (0.23–0.76) 1.21 (0.65–2.24) 0.549
Female 1.11 (0.75–1.63) @  
Read and write 3.41 (2.12–5.48) 1.23 (0.74–2.05) 0.426
Factory 1 36.84 (11.28–120.29) 42.48 (12.90–139.94)* <  0.001
Factory 2 97.01 (30.55–308.10) 38.29 (11.59–126.49)* <  0.001
Age 1.11 (1.09–1.13) 1.07 (1.05–1.09)* <  0.001
Skin disease Textile 1.45 (1.17–1.80) 1.43 (1.15–1.78)* 0.001
Garment 1.13 (0.91–1.41) 1.26 (0.99–1.60) 0.061
Female 0.86 (0.74–0.99) 0.89 (0.76–1.05) 0.165
Read and write 1.00 (0.76–1.32) @  
Factory 1 1.40 (1.18–1.66) 1.31 (1.10–1.57)* 0.003
Factory 2 1.09 (0.90–1.32) 1.04 (0.85–1.26) 0.728
Age 1.00 (1.00–1.01) @  
Urinary tract infection Textile 1.25 (1.00–1.55) 1.04 (0.82–1.31) 0.732
Garment 1.57 (1.28–1.94) 1.24 (0.98–1.57) 0.076
Female 3.64 (3.06–4.33) 5.09 (4.19–6.17)* <  0.001
Read and write 2.09 (1.69–2.60) 1.36 (1.06–1.73)* 0.015
Factory 1 1.30 (1.09–1.55) 2.29 (1.88–2.79)* <  0.001
Factory 2 2.41 (2.06–2.83) 1.94 (1.57–2.41)* <  0.001
Age 1.04 (1.03–1.04) 1.05 (1.04–1.05)* <  0.001
Ear diseases Textile 1.06 (0.73–1.54) @  
Garment 1.02 (0.71–1.47) @  
Female 0.80 (0.62–1.03) 1.02 (0.78–1.33) 0.872
Read and write 0.67 (0.37–1.20) 0.60 (0.33–1.10) 0.101
Factory 1 2.62 (1.98–3.47) 2.85 (2.13–3.81)* <  0.001
Factory 2 1.39 (0.98–1.98) 1.05 (0.70–1.56) 0.817
Age 1.01 (1.00–1.03) 1.03 (1.01–1.04)* <  0.001
Eye diseases Textile 1.09 (0.89–1.33) 1.24 (1.01–1.53)* 0.04
Garment 0.74 (0.60–0.91) 0.94 (0.74–1.19) 0.587
Female 0.69 (0.60–0.80) 0.80 (0.67–0.94)* 0.008
Read and write 1.29 (0.99–1.67) 1.21 (0.92–1.60) 0.169
Factory 1 1.18 (0.99–1.41) 1.12 (0.93–1.35) 0.246
Factory 2 0.89 (0.73–1.09) 0.58 (0.46–0.73)* <  0.001
Age 1.01 (1.01–1.02) 1.02 (1.01–1.03)* <  0.001
Haemorroids Textile 1.31 (0.81–2.12) 1.42 (0.87–2.34) 0.163
Garment 0.69 (0.41–1.17) 1.07 (0.60–1.91) 0.823
Female 0.59 (0.42–0.83) 0.75 (0.51–1.11) 0.149
Read and write 1.35 (0.74–2.45) @  
Factory 1 1.82 (1.19–2.77) 1.70 (1.09–2.66)* 0.020
Factory 2 2.16 (1.43–3.27) 1.38 (0.84–2.26) 0.198
Age 1.03 (1.01–1.04) 1.02 (1.01–1.04)* 0.012
Reproductive health problems Textile 1.74 (1.21–2.49) 1.33 (0.92–1.93) 0.127
Garment 3.22 (2.28–4.54) 1.27 (0.89–1.82) 0.194
Female 14.76 (9.77–22.30) 14.64 (9.58–22.39)* <  0.001
Read and write 1.00 (0.70–1.43) @  
Factory 1 0.87 (0.68–1.11) @  
Factory 2 1.02 (0.80–1.30) @  
Age 0.99 (0.98–1.00) 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 0.219
Neurologic and psychiatric diseases Textile 0.97 (0.65–1.45) 0.95 (0.64–1.43) 0.819
Garment 1.37 (0.94–2.00) 1.00 (0.66–1.51) 0.986
Female 1.73 (1.30–2.29) 1.60 (1.16–2.21)* 0.004
Read and write 0.94 (0.56–1.57) @  
Factory 1 0.53 (0.36–0.79) 0.60 (0.40–0.90)* 0.015
Factory 2 0.81 (0.57–1.15) 0.90 (0.62–1.31) 0.590
Age 1.00 (0.99–1.01) @  
Diabetics Textile 0.70 (0.39–1.29) 0.76 (0.41–1.43) 0.398
Garment 0.46 (0.24–0.87) 1.25 (0.61–2.57) 0.549
Female 0.61 (0.38–0.99) 1.22 (0.71–2.11) 0.466
Read and write 1.32 (0.57–3.07) @  
Factory 1 24.15 (10.26–56.84) 33.49 (13.94–80.49)* <  0.001
Factory 2 11.15 (4.42–28.14) 5.06 (1.89–13.55)* 0.001
Age 1.07 (1.04–1.09) 1.08 (1.05–1.10)* <  0.001
Overall morbidity Textile 1.64 (1.43–1.87) 1.66 (1.44–1.92)* <  0.001
Garment 1.28 (1.13–1.46) 1.65 (1.42–1.93)* <  0.001
Female 1.08 (0.98–1.18) 1.33 (1.18–149)* <  0.001
Read and write 1.78 (1.45–2.18) 1.42 (1.14–1.76)* 0.002
Factory 1 2.58 (2.26–2.95) 3.32 (2.87–3.84)* <  0.001
Factory 2 2.56 (2.22–2.94) 1.86 (1.59–2.19)* <  0.001
Age 1.02 (1.02–1.03) 1.03 (1.02–1.04)* <  0.001
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval
  2. @ Variables with P > 0.2 in bivariate not included in multivariate; * Significance level at P < 0.05; Support department, male, higher educational status and factory 3 are reference group