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Table 3 Factors associated with gonorrhea testing among FSW in Southern China, 2018 (N = 1207)

From: Uptake and correlates of chlamydia and gonorrhea testing among female sex workers in Southern China: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Crude Model Adjusted Model#
OR (95%CI) P OR (95%CI) P
Age (years)
 18–25 Ref Ref
 26–29 0.35(0.17–0.72) 0.005 0.45(0.19–1.05) 0.064
 30–34 0.48(0.24–0.97) 0.041 0.81(0.26–2.53) 0.721
  ≥ 35 1.47(0.83–2.61) 0.185 1.70(0.56–5.10) 0.347
Ethnicity
 Han Ref Ref
 Non-Han 2.39(1.37–4.15) 0.002 2.09(1.15–3.81) 0.016
Marital status
 Not married Ref Ref
 Married 0.76(0.46–1.25) 0.284 0.65(0.25–1.69) 0.379
 Divorced or widowed 2.74(1.45–5.19) 0.002 1.53(0.51–4.60) 0.450
Education level
 Illiterate or elementary school Ref Ref
 Junior high school 0.81(0.50–1.30) 0.382 1.15(0.69–1.92) 0.586
 High school and above 0.80(0.34–1.90) 0.613 1.20(0.47–3.06) 0.699
Monthly income (USD)
  < $500 Ref Ref
 $500–$1000 0.51(0.32–0.83) 0.006 0.57(0.34–0.96) 0.033
  > $1000 0.56(0.29–1.05) 0.070 0.47(0.24–0.93) 0.031
Household registration
 Local city Ref Ref
 Other cities in this province 0.69(0.31–1.54) 0.367 0.69(0.30–1.60) 0.384
 Other provinces 0.48(0.24–0.96) 0.037 0.49(0.24–1.02) 0.056
Length of time working in current location
 1 year and above Ref Ref
 6–12 months 0.51(0.29–0.91) 0.022 0.60(0.33–1.10) 0.098
  < 6 months 0.10(0.02–0.41) 0.001 0.13(0.03–0.56) 0.006
Workplace
 Middle-level venue Ref Ref
 Low-level venue 2.78(1.01 ~ 7.70) 0.049 1.95(0.68 ~ 5.59) 0.216
Average number of clients in the past month (continue variable)
  1.02(1.00 ~ 1.04) 0.043 1.02(1.00 ~ 1.04) 0.045
Consistent condom uses with clients in the past month
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 1.01(0.64 ~ 1.59) 0.969 1.15(0.69 ~ 1.92) 0.583
Providing anal sex for clients
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 2.44(1.55 ~ 3.85) 0.001 1.82(1.11 ~ 2.96) 0.017
Regular partner (boyfriend or husband)
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 1.50(0.86 ~ 2.62) 0.155 2.59(1.35 ~ 4.99) 0.004
STD symptoms in the past 12 months
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 4.03(2.58 ~ 6.29) < 0.001 3.33(2.03 ~ 5.46) < 0.001
HIV testing in the past 12 months
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 5.32(3.57 ~ 7.92) < 0.001 3.94(2.34 ~ 6.65) < 0.001
Syphilis testing in the past 12 months
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 6.82(4.5 ~ 10.33) < 0.001 3.27(1.96 ~ 5.46) < 0.001
Smoke in the past 12 months
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 0.87(0.49–1.55) 0.646 0.91(0.50–1.66) 0.761
Sexual abuse in the past 12 months
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 8.64(5.53–13.49) < 0.001 2.01(1.08–3.72) 0.028
  1. Note: # Age, ethnicity, marital status, education level, monthly income, household registration and length of time working in the current location were adjusted for each other, all other variables were adjusted for age, ethnicity, marital status, education level, monthly income, household registration and length of time working in the current location