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Table 2 Background characteristics of women aged 25-49, India NFHS 2015-16

From: Hypertension in women: the role of adolescent childbearing

  All ages 25 to 29 30 to 34 35 to 39 40 to 44 45 to 49
Nutritional status       
Normal (BMI 18.5 – 24.9) 0.565 0.611 0.576 0.56 0.529 0.523
  (0.562, 0.567) (0.607, 0.616) (0.571, 0.581) (0.555, 0.566) (0.523, 0.534) (0.517, 0.528)
Underweight (BMI <18.5) 0.161 0.204 0.166 0.144 0.14 0.133
  (0.160, 0.163) (0.201, 0.208) (0.163, 0.170) (0.141, 0.147) (0.137, 0.144) (0.129, 0.136)
Overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9) 0.204 0.146 0.197 0.218 0.24 0.249
  (0.202, 0.206) (0.143, 0.150) (0.192, 0.201) (0.213, 0.222) (0.235, 0.245) (0.244, 0.254)
Obese (BMI ≥30.0) 0.07 0.038 0.061 0.078 0.091 0.095
  (0.068, 0.071) (0.036, 0.040) (0.059, 0.064) (0.075, 0.081) (0.088, 0.095) (0.092, 0.099)
Wealth index quintile       
Quintile 1 (Poorest) 0.176 0.176 0.186 0.179 0.17 0.161
  (0.173, 0.178) (0.173, 0.180) (0.183, 0.190) (0.176, 0.183) (0.166, 0.174) (0.157, 0.165)
Quintile 2 (Poorer) 0.189 0.188 0.188 0.192 0.189 0.186
  (0.186, 0.191) (0.184, 0.192) (0.184, 0.192) (0.188, 0.196) (0.185, 0.193) (0.182, 0.190)
Quintile 3 (Middle) 0.202 0.207 0.198 0.201 0.198 0.202
  (0.199, 0.204) (0.203, 0.212) (0.194, 0.202) (0.197, 0.205) (0.193, 0.202) (0.198, 0.207)
Quintile 4 (Richer) 0.214 0.214 0.215 0.212 0.214 0.212
  (0.211, 0.216) (0.210, 0.219) (0.210, 0.219) (0.207, 0.217) (0.209, 0.219) (0.207, 0.218)
Quintile 5 (Richest) 0.221 0.214 0.213 0.216 0.229 0.238
  (0.217, 0.225) (0.209, 0.219) (0.207, 0.219) (0.210, 0.221) (0.223, 0.235) (0.232, 0.244)
Education       
No education 0.368 0.228 0.311 0.389 0.46 0.537
  (0.365, 0.371) (0.224, 0.233) (0.306, 0.315) (0.384, 0.394) (0.454, 0.466) (0.530, 0.543)
Primary 0.145 0.135 0.143 0.154 0.15 0.15
  (0.144, 0.147) (0.132, 0.138) (0.139, 0.146) (0.150, 0.158) (0.146, 0.154) (0.146, 0.154)
Secondary 0.38 0.462 0.429 0.371 0.322 0.264
  (0.377, 0.383) (0.457, 0.467) (0.423, 0.434) (0.365, 0.376) (0.316, 0.328) (0.259, 0.270)
Higher 0.106 0.175 0.118 0.087 0.069 0.049
  (0.104, 0.109) (0.170, 0.179) (0.114, 0.122) (0.083, 0.090) (0.065, 0.072) (0.046, 0.052)
Marital status       
Never in union 0.032 0.083 0.023 0.013 0.01 0.008
  (0.031, 0.032) (0.080, 0.086) (0.022, 0.025) (0.011, 0.014) (0.009, 0.011) (0.007, 0.009)
Married 0.908 0.895 0.941 0.927 0.901 0.868
  (0.906, 0.909) (0.892, 0.898) (0.938, 0.943) (0.924, 0.930) (0.898, 0.904) (0.864, 0.871)
Widowed, divorced or separated 0.061 0.022 0.036 0.06 0.089 0.124
  (0.060, 0.062) (0.021, 0.023) (0.034, 0.038) (0.057, 0.063) (0.086, 0.092) (0.120, 0.128)
Religion       
Hindu 0.813 0.8 0.814 0.814 0.82 0.824
  (0.809, 0.818) (0.795, 0.806) (0.809, 0.820) (0.808, 0.820) (0.815, 0.826) (0.818, 0.829)
Muslim 0.127 0.139 0.127 0.128 0.119 0.113
  (0.123, 0.131) (0.134, 0.144) (0.123, 0.132) (0.122, 0.133) (0.114, 0.124) (0.108, 0.117)
Christian 0.026 0.024 0.024 0.026 0.026 0.03
  (0.024, 0.027) (0.022, 0.026) (0.022, 0.026) (0.024, 0.027) (0.024, 0.028) (0.028, 0.032)
Sikh 0.018 0.018 0.018 0.017 0.019 0.018
  (0.017, 0.019) (0.017, 0.019) (0.017, 0.019) (0.016, 0.019) (0.018, 0.020) (0.017, 0.019)
Buddhist 0.01 0.01 0.009 0.009 0.01 0.009
  (0.009, 0.011) (0.009, 0.012) (0.008, 0.011) (0.008, 0.011) (0.008, 0.011) (0.008, 0.011)
Other 0.007 0.008 0.007 0.006 0.006 0.006
  (0.006, 0.008) (0.007, 0.009) (0.006, 0.008) (0.005, 0.007) (0.005, 0.007) (0.005, 0.007)
Caste       
None 0.275 0.264 0.275 0.276 0.285 0.282
  (0.271, 0.280) (0.259, 0.270) (0.270, 0.281) (0.270, 0.282) (0.279, 0.292) (0.275, 0.288)
Scheduled caste 0.2 0.207 0.203 0.198 0.193 0.196
  (0.196, 0.204) (0.202, 0.212) (0.197, 0.209) (0.193, 0.203) (0.188, 0.199) (0.190, 0.201)
Scheduled tribe 0.09 0.095 0.091 0.088 0.086 0.088
  (0.088, 0.092) (0.092, 0.099) (0.088, 0.094) (0.085, 0.091) (0.083, 0.089) (0.084, 0.091)
Other backward class 0.434 0.433 0.43 0.438 0.435 0.435
  (0.430, 0.438) (0.427, 0.439) (0.424, 0.436) (0.432, 0.444) (0.429, 0.441) (0.429, 0.442)
Lifetime parity       
None 0.076 0.167 0.064 0.042 0.035 0.035
  (0.075, 0.077) (0.163, 0.170) (0.061, 0.066) (0.040, 0.044) (0.033, 0.038) (0.033, 0.037)
1-2 0.468 0.59 0.515 0.447 0.383 0.334
  (0.465, 0.471) (0.585, 0.595) (0.510, 0.520) (0.442, 0.453) (0.377, 0.389) (0.328, 0.340)
3-4 0.341 0.224 0.347 0.383 0.399 0.405
  (0.339, 0.344) (0.221, 0.228) (0.342, 0.352) (0.378, 0.388) (0.393, 0.404) (0.399, 0.411)
5+ 0.114 0.019 0.074 0.128 0.183 0.226
  (0.113, 0.116) (0.018, 0.020) (0.072, 0.076) (0.125, 0.131) (0.179, 0.187) (0.221, 0.231)
Tobacco/alcohol use 0.101 0.06 0.082 0.106 0.13 0.155
  (0.099, 0.103) (0.057, 0.062) (0.079, 0.084) (0.103, 0.109) (0.127, 0.134) (0.151, 0.159)
Menopause 0.058 0 0.006 0.019 0.079 0.238
  (0.056, 0.059) (0.000, 0.000) (0.006, 0.007) (0.017, 0.020) (0.076, 0.082) (0.233, 0.244)
Oral contraceptive use 0.035 0.049 0.048 0.036 0.021 0.009
  (0.034, 0.036) (0.046, 0.051) (0.045, 0.050) (0.034, 0.038) (0.020, 0.023) (0.008, 0.011)
Currently pregnant 0.03 0.081 0.031 0.01 0.002 0.001
  (0.029, 0.030) (0.079, 0.084) (0.030, 0.033) (0.009, 0.011) (0.002, 0.003) (0.001, 0.001)
Urban 0.354 0.349 0.353 0.357 0.363 0.351
  (0.351, 0.358) (0.343, 0.355) (0.347, 0.359) (0.352, 0.363) (0.357, 0.368) (0.345, 0.357)
Observations 442,845 112,813 95,073 88,668 75,091 71,200
  1. 95% confidence intervals are in parenthesis.
  2. Estimates are obtained using complex survey weights