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Table 2 Bivariate associations between participants’ sociodemographic, disease-specific and care-related characteristics and study outcomes

From: Self-reported health and life satisfaction in older emergency department patients: sociodemographic, disease-related and care-specific associated factors

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
1 Sub-study   .200** .119** .222** .195** .068* .274** .056 .070* .098* .436** .287** .335** .514** .188** .140**
2 Sex .200**   .091* .111* .013 .062 .107** .070* .018 .035 .053* .058* .123** .065* .015 .046
3 Education level .119** .091*   .226** .121** .138** .249** .107** .064 .077* .157** .095* .159** .315** .105* .034
4 Employment status .222** .111* .226**   .241** .118** .352** .194** .114* .158** .345** .213** .198** .764** .184** .187**
5 Migration background .195** .013 .121** .241**   .017 .079* .058* .019 .035 .217** .162** .154** .284** .053 .004
6 Number of close persons .068* .062 .138** .118** .017   .118** .061 .051 .044 .027 .032 .086* .089* .111** .182**
7 Care dependency .274** .107** .249** .352** .079* .118**   .092* .134** .182** .187** .075* .289** .366** .224** .136**
8 GP visit .056 .070* .107** .194** .058* .061 .092*   .114** .085* .058* .080* .072 .183** .042 .006
9 ED visit .070* .018 .064 .114* .019 .051 .134** .114**   .480** .005 .001 .048 .057* .133** .080*
10 Hospital stay .098* .035 .077* .158** .035 .044 .182** .085* .480**   .104** .041 .083* .118** .182** .074*
11 Case type .436** .053* .157** .345** .217** .027 .187** .058* .005 .104**   .284** .371** .460** .132** .002
12 MTS level .287** .058* .095* .213** .162** .032 .075* .080* .001 .041 .284**   .192** .293** .047 .011
13 Transportation to ED .335** .123** .159** .198** .154** .086* .289** .072 .048 .083* .371** .192**   .416** .089* .084*
14 Age .514** .065* .315** .764** .284** .089* .366** .183** .057* .118** .460** .293** .416**   −.089* .043
15 Self-reported health .188** .015 .105* .184** .053 .111** .224** .042 .133** .182** .132** .047 .089* −.089*   .289**
16 Life satisfaction .140** .046 .034 .187** .004 .182** .136** .006 .080* .074* .002 .011 .084* .043 .289**  
  1. Note: Numbers in the top row mirror the numbering of study variables in the first column. Associations between study variables can be read off the respective combination of information from the first column and top row. * α-level or p-level < .05; ** α-level or p-level < .001; MTS Manchester Triage System; Variable numbers 1 to 13 employ nominal scale level, while variable numbers 14 to 16 employ metric scale level; Statistical measures of associations: Cramer’s V for associations between nominal variables, Eta coefficient (η2) for associations between nominal and metric variables and, Pearson’s r for associations between metric variables