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Table 2 Percentage distribution of anemia among men by background characteristics, India, 2015–16

From: Socio-economic inequality in anaemia among men in India: a study based on cross-sectional data

Background Characteristics Anaemia p-value
Men’s age (in years) p < 0.001
 15–19 29.2  
 20–29 18.9  
 30–39 21.0  
 40–49 24.9  
 50–54 30.3  
Marital status p < 0.001
 Never married 23.6  
 Currently married 23.2  
Educational level p < 0.001
 No Education 30.6  
 Primary 25.8  
 Secondary 23.1  
 Higher 16.5  
Mass media p < 0.001
 No exposure 32.2  
 Exposure 22.5  
Body Mass Index p < 0.001
 Underweight (< 18.5 kg/m2) 32.2  
 Normal (18.5–24.99 kg/m2) 22.3  
 Overweight (≥25 kg/m2) 17.4  
Tobacco use (smoke/smokeless) p < 0.001
 No 22.6  
 Yes 24.2  
Caste p < 0.001
 Scheduled caste 24.3  
 Scheduled tribe 32.4  
 Other backward class 22.6  
 Others 20.8  
Religion p < 0.001
 Hindu 23.6  
 Muslim 21.3  
 Others 23.6  
Wealth index p < 0.001
 Poorest 32.5  
 Poorer 27.0  
 Middle 23.0  
 Richer 20.2  
 Richest 17.5  
Place of residence p < 0.001
 Urban 18.9  
 Rural 25.9  
Region p < 0.001
 North 20.4  
 Central 24.4  
 East 31.5  
 Northeast 24.9  
 West 19.6  
 South 20.2  
Total 23.3  
  1. p < 0.001 based on chi-square test and Cochran Armitage trend test for ordered variables (education and wealth)
  2. €North: Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Delhi, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand; Central: Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh; East: Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal; Northeast: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura; West: Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra; South: Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, Telangana