|1. To test the hypothesis that MB improves parenting and child self-regulatory skill acquisition through 54 months of age.||Women who received MB prenatally will exhibit more responsive parenting and their children will show larger increases in self-regulation over the preschool period.||
1. Explore long-term effects of MB on maternal depressive symptom scores.|
2. Measure the association between MB receipt and parenting practices.
3. Measure the association between MB receipt and child self-regulation.
|2. To test hypotheses about the maternal mechanisms by which MB influences parenting and child self-regulation.||Intervention effects will be mediated by core skills targeted by MB, in particular, mothers’ increased awareness of thoughts and feelings, and mothers’ improved mood regulation.||
1. Explore the extent to which mothers’ cognitive-behavioral skills (mediators) affect parenting practices.|
2. Explore the extent to which these mediators affect child self-regulation.
|3. To test whether fathers’ contributions and key sociodemographic factors moderate MB impact on the mother’s parenting and the child’s self-regulation.||More positive fathers’ mental health, greater father involvement in parenting, and stronger father-mother relationships will enhance MB’s positive effects on mother’s parenting and child outcomes.||
1. Examine whether fathers’ mental health, involvement, and relationship with mothers moderate effects on mothers’ parenting practices.|
2. Examine whether fathers’ mental health, involvement, and relationship with mothers moderate effects on child self-regulation.
3. Examine whether maternal minority race/ethnicity, lower socioeconomic status, and adolescent motherhood moderate MB’s preventive effects.