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Table 1 Background characteristics of the study participants (N = 9181)

From: Feeling about living arrangements and associated health outcomes among older adults in India: a cross-sectional study

Background Variables Sample Percentage
Poor SRH
 No 4095 44.6
 Yes 5086 55.4
Low psychological health
 No 7027 76.5
 Yes 2154 23.5
Low subjective well-being   
 No 6724 73.2
 Yes 2457 26.8
Low ADL
 No 8503 92.6
 Yes 678 7.4
Low IADL   
 No 3998 43.6
 Yes 5183 56.5
Low cognitive ability   
 No 3670 40.0
 Yes 5511 60.0
Age (in years)   
 60–69 5815 63.3
 70–79 2437 26.5
 80+ 929 10.1
Sex
 Men 4353 47.4
 Women 4828 52.6
Educational status (in years)
 None 4186 45.6
 Below 5 years 1886 20.5
 6 to 10 years 2310 25.2
 11+ years 799 8.7
Working status
 No 7076 77.1
 Yes 2105 22.9
Marital status
 Not in union 3724 40.6
 Currently in union 5457 59.4
Feeling about present living arrangement
 Satisfactory 8131 88.6
 Non satisfactory 1050 11.4
Living arrangement   
 Alone 546 6.0
 with spouse 1462 21.9
 With children 6480 70.6
 Others 693 7.6
Religion
 Hindu 7389 80.5
 Muslim 617 6.7
 Sikh 771 8.4
 Others 404 4.4
Caste
 Scheduled Caste 1802 19.6
 Scheduled Tribe 470 5.1
 Other Backward Class 3190 34.8
 Others 3719 40.5
Place of residence
 Rural 4784 52.1
 Urban 4397 47.9
Wealth status
 Poorest 1758 19.2
 Poorer 1838 20.0
 Middle 1823 19.9
 Richer 1844 20.1
 Richest 1918 20.9
State
 Kerala 1338 14.6
 Himachal Pradesh 1452 15.8
 Punjab 1249 13.6
 West Bengal 1112 12.1
 Orissa 1448 15.8
 Maharashtra 1251 13.6
 Tamil Nadu 1331 14.5
Total 9181 100