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Table 2 The results of binary logistic regression of ANC in the Philippines (n = 7992) and Indonesia (n = 14,568) in 2017

From: Urban-rural disparities of antenatal care in South East Asia: a case study in the Philippines and Indonesia

Variables Philippine Indonesia
≥ 4 ANC Visits ≥ 4 ANC Visits
AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
LB UB LB UB
Type of place of residence
• Urban ***0.932 0.932 0.932 ***1.255 1.255 1.255
• Rural
Age group
• 15–19
• 20–24 ***1.359 1.359 1.359 ***1.991 1.991 1.992
• 25–29 ***2.096 2.095 2.096 ***2.756 2.755 2.758
• 30–34 ***2.620 2.619 2.621 ***2.929 2.928 2.930
• 35–39 ***2.185 2.184 2.186 ***3.082 3.081 3.083
• 40–44 ***2.159 2.159 2.160 ***3.255 3.253 3.256
• 45–49 ***1.976 1.975 1.977 ***5.383 5.379 5.387
Have a husband/partner
• No
• Yes ***1.928 1.928 1.929 ***1.777 1.777 1.778
Education Level
• No education
• Primary ***2.464 2.463 2.466 ***2.169 2.168 2.170
• Secondary ***4.116 4.114 4.118 ***2.534 2.532 2.535
• Higher ***6.522 6.519 6.526 ***2.745 2.743 2.746
Parity
• Primiparous
• Multiparous ***0.705 0.705 0.705 ***0.646 0.645 0.646
• Grand multiparous ***0.406 0.406 0.406 ***0.249 0.249 0.249
Wealth status
• Poorest
• Poorer ***1.518 1.518 1.519 ***1.363 1.362 1.363
• Middle ***1.594 1.594 1.594 ***1.660 1.659 1.660
• Richer ***2.098 2.098 2.099 ***2.465 2.464 2.466
• Richest ***5.275 5.273 5.277 ***3.925 3.924 3.927
  1. 95% CI; p < 0.05; p < 0.01; p < 0.001; AOR adjusted odds ratio, LB lower bound, UB upper bound