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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the health outcomes and early-life exposures

From: Prevalence and early-life determinants of mid-life multimorbidity: evidence from the 1970 British birth cohort

Outcomes (age) N = 7951
%
 Multimorbidity (46–48)* 33.8 (32.6, 35.0)
 Chronic fatigue syndrome (46–48) 1.5 (1.2, 1.7)
 Arthritis (46–48) 7.7 (7.1, 8.3)
 Stroke (46–48) 0.5 (0.4, 0.7)
 Heart problems (46–48) 3.0 (2.6, 3.4)
 Eyes problems (46–48) 4.9 (4.5, 5.4)
 Hearing problems (46–48) 5.8 (5.2, 6.3)
 Recurrent back problems (46–48) 20.9 (20.0, 21.8)
 Drinking problems (46–48) 26.3 (25.3, 27.4)
 Hypertension (46–48) 15.7 (14.8, 16.6)
 Diabetes (46–48) 4.7 (4.1, 5.2)
 Mental health morbidity (46–48) 19.1 (18.3, 20.0)
 Asthma/bronchitis (46–48) 11.6 (10.9, 12.3)
 Convulsion, fit, epileptic seizure (46–48) 1.1 (0.8, 1.3)
 Cancer or leukaemia (46–48) 1.6 (1.4, 1.8)
  Mean (standard error)
Mean number of conditions (46–48) 1.24 (0.02)
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg (46–48) 125.39 (0.19)
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg (46–48) 77.73 (0.13)
HbA1C, % (46–48) 5.59 (0.01)
Malaise Inventory (46–48) 1.76 (2.12)
AUDIT-PC (46–48) 3.88 (2.58)
Exposures (age) Mean (standard error)
 Birthweight (0) 3.31 (0.01)
 Cognitive ability (10) 0.16 (0.01)
 Body mass index (10) 16.9 (0.03)
 Internalising problems (16) 0.93 (0.02)
 Externalising problems (16) 0.68 (0.02)
  %
Father’s social class at birth (0)
 I – professional 6.1
 II – managerial and technical 13.8
 III – skilled non-manual/manual 60.8
 IV – partly-skilled 13.9
 V – unskilled 5.5
  1. *Note. The outcome data were collected over the 2 years when participants were 46–48 year old
  2. AUDIT-PC = alcohol use disorders identification test- primary care