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Table 4 Factors associated with tobacco/nicotine use among healthcare workers (n = 4040)

From: SARS-Co-V2 infection in never, former, and current tobacco/nicotine users: a cohort study of 4040 Egyptian healthcare workers

  Tobacco/nicotine use
Former user Current user
Adjusted OR
(95% CI)a
p-value Adjusted OR
(95% CI)a
p-value
Age (increasing) 1.05 (1.01–1.08) 0.005 1.00 (0.99–1.02) 0.614
Gender (male) 36.75 (16.28–82.93) < 0.001 72.12 (45.23–114.99) < 0.001
Residence (Cairo) 1.29 (0.62–2.68) 0.493 1.26 (0.90–1.76) 0.174
Area (Urban) 1.10 (0.47–2.58) 0.832 0.91 (0.62–1.33) 0.619
Marital status (married) 0.71 (0.39–1.27) 0.246 1.08 (0.81–1.44) 0.596
Education (lower) 1.23 (0.83–1.83) 0.296 1.42 (1.17–1.71) < 0.001
Occupation (nurse)b 1.21 (0.61–2.40) 0.596 2.81 (2.01–3.92) < 0.001
Occupation (non-clinical)b 1.29 (0.59–2.82) 0.529 3.21 (2.21–4.67) < 0.001
Pre-existing medical condition (yes) 1.87 (1.05–3.33) 0.033 1.22 (0.86–1.74) 0.271
Symptoms (yes) 1.76 (1.07–2.90) 0.027 1.07 (0.82–1.40) 0.619
SARS-Co-V2 test result (positive) 0.74 (0.26–2.09) 0.575 0.68 (0.41–1.13) 0.136
  1. a Multinomial logistic regression. “Never smoker” was the reference category
  2. b Reference category was physicians
  3. Variables included in the model were age, gender, marital status, governorate and area of residence, level of education, occupation, pre-existing medical conditions, presence of symptoms, and SARS-Co-V2 test result