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Table 3 School physical environment compared between public and private schools

From: A pre-COVID-19 assessment of aspects of the school health programme in some selected Nigerian primary schools: implications for school re-opening during the COVID-19 pandemic in developing country contexts

Variable Public schools (n = 40) Private school (n = 106) p-value Total
Access to pipe-borne water
 Yes 9 (22.5) 49 (46.2) 0.009 58 (39.7)
 No 31 (77.5) 57 (53.8)   88 (60.3)
Borehole as the main water source
 Yes 27 (67.5) 48 (45.3) 0.03 75 (51.4)
 No 13 (32.5) 58 (54.7)   71 (48.6)
Well water as the main water source
 Yes 1 (2.5) 10 (9.4) 0.16 11 (7.5)
 No 39 (97.5) 96 (90.6)   135 (92.5)
Surface water as the main water source
 Yes 3 (7.5) 1 (0.9) 0.03 4 (2.7)
 No 37 (92.5) 105 (99.1)   142 (97)
School fenced
 Yes 12 (30.0) 91 (85.9) < 0.001 103 (70.6)
 No 28 (70.0) 15 (14.2)   43 (29.5)
School water source location
 Within school premises 28 (70.0) 51 (48.1) 0.018 79 (54.1)
 Outside school premises 12 (30.0) 55 (51.9)   67 (45.9)
Ventilation in classrooms
 Adequate 38 (95.0) 54 (50.9) < 0.001 92 (63.0)
Not adequate 2 (5.0) 52 (49.1)   54 (37.0)
Ventilation source in classrooms
 Controllable 37 (92.5) 92 (86.8) 0.34 129 (88.4)
 Not controllable 3 (7.5) 14 (13.2)   17 (11.6)
Classroom floor spacing
 Standard 40 (100.0) 34 (32.1) < 0.001 74 (50.7)
 Non-standard 0 (0.0) 72 (67.9)   72 (49.3)
Presence of wash hand basins within schools
 Yes 2 (5.0) 75 (70.8) < 0.001 77 (52.7)
 No 38 (95.0) 31 (29.3)   69 (47.3)
Availability of soap for handwashing
 Yes 8 (20.0) 102 (96.2) < 0.001 110 (75.3)
 No 32 (80.0) 4 (3.8)   36 (24.7)
Presence of sickbay/ health room
 Yes 0 (0.0) 25 (23.6) 0.001 25 (17.1)
 No 40 (100.0) 81 (76.4)   121 (82.9)
  1. Bold – statistically significant