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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis for health-seeking decision after coughing (N = 1129)

From: Health seeking behavior and associated factors among individuals with cough in Yiwu, China: a population-based study

Characteristics Seeking treatment
N (%)
Univariable Multivariable
Crude OR P value Adjusted OR P value
Age
 15-24y 86 (35.1) Ref   Ref  
 25-64y 267 (39.0) 1.18 (0.87,1.16) 0.277 1.44 (0.95,2.19) 0.089
 ≥65y 99 (49.5) 1.81 (1.24,2.65) 0.002 2.26 (1.24,4.14) 0.008
Residence
 Urban 247 (36.8) Ref   Ref  
 Rural 205 (44.8) 1.39 (1.09,1.77) 0.008 1.31 (1.01,1.70) 0.044
Sex
 Male 195 (33.9) Ref   Ref  
 Female 257 (46.5) 1.70 (1.33,2.16) < 0.001 1.57 (1.21,2.07) 0.001
Occupation
 Student 40 (38.5) Ref   Ref  
 Unemployed 154 (45.7) 1.35 (0.86,2.11) 0.195 1.18 (0.61,2.29) 0.628
 Business/service 103 (32.8) 0.78 (0.49,1.24) 0.292 0.98 (0.52,1.84) 0.945
 Professional 101 (43.5) 1.23 (0.77,1.98) 0.384 1.34 (0.71,2.53) 0.364
 Farmers and workers 54 (38.0) 0.98 (0.58,1.65) 0.945 1.18 (0.57,2.45) 0.654
Education
 Primary school and below 134 (43.4) Ref   Ref  
 Middle school 225 (38.7) 0.83 (0.62,1.09) 0.179 1.35 (0.92,1.98) 0.127
 College and above 93 (38.9) 0.83 (0.59,1.17) 0.294 1.14 (0.70,1.86) 0.605
Child under 5 years old
 No 290 (41.0) Ref    
 Yes 162 (38.5) 0.90 (0.70,1.15) 0.411 0.97 (0.72,1.30) 0.829
Income (yuan)
 < 100,000 270 (40.5) Ref   Ref  
 100,000-199,999 134 (40.5) 1.00 (0.77,131) 0.999 1.08 (0.79,1.48) 0.644
 ≥ 200,000 47 (36.2) 0.83 (0.56,1.23) 0.357 0.99 (0.63,1.56) 0.968
Smoking status
 No 260 (43.9) Ref   Ref  
 Yes 192 (35.8) 0.71 (0.56,0.90) 0.005 0.81 (0.62,1.06) 0.126
Chronic disease
 No 285 (36.4) Ref   Ref  
 Yes 167 (48.3) 1.63 (1.26,2.11) < 0.001 1.28 (0.93,1.77) 0.128
Duration of cough (week)
 ≤ 2 372 (37.5) Ref   Ref  
 3–8 56 (68.3) 3.59 (2.22,5.82) < 0.001 2.81 (1.68,4.73) < 0.001
 > 8 24 (43.6) 1.29 (0.75,2.23) 0.362 1.26 (0.70,2.26) 0.448
Number of accompanying symptoms
 0 96 (24.9) Ref    
 1 179 (42.1) 2.19 (1.62,2.96) < 0.001 2.19 (1.59,3.01) < 0.001
 ≥ 2 177 (55.5) 3.75 (2.73,5.17) < 0.001 3.87 (2.74,5.47) < 0.001