# Table 2 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis for health-seeking decision after coughing (N = 1129)

Characteristics Seeking treatment
N (%)
Univariable Multivariable
Crude OR P value Adjusted OR P value
Age
15-24y 86 (35.1) Ref   Ref
25-64y 267 (39.0) 1.18 (0.87,1.16) 0.277 1.44 (0.95,2.19) 0.089
≥65y 99 (49.5) 1.81 (1.24,2.65) 0.002 2.26 (1.24,4.14) 0.008
Residence
Urban 247 (36.8) Ref   Ref
Rural 205 (44.8) 1.39 (1.09,1.77) 0.008 1.31 (1.01,1.70) 0.044
Sex
Male 195 (33.9) Ref   Ref
Female 257 (46.5) 1.70 (1.33,2.16) < 0.001 1.57 (1.21,2.07) 0.001
Occupation
Student 40 (38.5) Ref   Ref
Unemployed 154 (45.7) 1.35 (0.86,2.11) 0.195 1.18 (0.61,2.29) 0.628
Business/service 103 (32.8) 0.78 (0.49,1.24) 0.292 0.98 (0.52,1.84) 0.945
Professional 101 (43.5) 1.23 (0.77,1.98) 0.384 1.34 (0.71,2.53) 0.364
Farmers and workers 54 (38.0) 0.98 (0.58,1.65) 0.945 1.18 (0.57,2.45) 0.654
Education
Primary school and below 134 (43.4) Ref   Ref
Middle school 225 (38.7) 0.83 (0.62,1.09) 0.179 1.35 (0.92,1.98) 0.127
College and above 93 (38.9) 0.83 (0.59,1.17) 0.294 1.14 (0.70,1.86) 0.605
Child under 5 years old
No 290 (41.0) Ref
Yes 162 (38.5) 0.90 (0.70,1.15) 0.411 0.97 (0.72,1.30) 0.829
Income (yuan)
< 100,000 270 (40.5) Ref   Ref
100,000-199,999 134 (40.5) 1.00 (0.77,131) 0.999 1.08 (0.79,1.48) 0.644
≥ 200,000 47 (36.2) 0.83 (0.56,1.23) 0.357 0.99 (0.63,1.56) 0.968
Smoking status
No 260 (43.9) Ref   Ref
Yes 192 (35.8) 0.71 (0.56,0.90) 0.005 0.81 (0.62,1.06) 0.126
Chronic disease
No 285 (36.4) Ref   Ref
Yes 167 (48.3) 1.63 (1.26,2.11) < 0.001 1.28 (0.93,1.77) 0.128
Duration of cough (week)
≤ 2 372 (37.5) Ref   Ref
3–8 56 (68.3) 3.59 (2.22,5.82) < 0.001 2.81 (1.68,4.73) < 0.001
> 8 24 (43.6) 1.29 (0.75,2.23) 0.362 1.26 (0.70,2.26) 0.448
Number of accompanying symptoms
0 96 (24.9) Ref
1 179 (42.1) 2.19 (1.62,2.96) < 0.001 2.19 (1.59,3.01) < 0.001
≥ 2 177 (55.5) 3.75 (2.73,5.17) < 0.001 3.87 (2.74,5.47) < 0.001