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Table 1 Characteristics of older adults with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF)a by diabetes mellitus (DM) and osteoarthritis (OA) status: Hawaii Medicare data 2009–2017

From: The impact of diabetes and osteoarthritis on the occurrence of stroke, acute myocardial infarction, and heart failure among older adults with non-valvular atrial fibrillation in Hawaii: a retrospective observational cohort study

Characteristic Without DM/OA
n = 11,721
(59.8%)
With DM
n = 4659
(23.8%)
With OA
n = 1978
(10.1%)
With DM/OA
n = 1230
(6.3%)
Age in year, mean (SD)
  77.9 (8.76) b,c,d 76.9 (8.24) c,d 80.3 (8.38) d 79.2 (7.78)
Age group, n (%)
 65-74y 4836 (41.3)b,c,d 2117 (45.4) c,d 605 (30.6) d 399 (32.4)
 75-84y 4047 (34.5) 1650 (35.4) 742 (37.5) 509 (41.4)
  ≥ 85y 2838 (24.2) 892 (19.1) 631 (31.9) 322 (26.2)
Gender, n (%)
 Male 6577 (56.1) b,c,d 2757 (59.2) c,d 880 (44.5) d 619 (50.3)
 Female 5144 (43.9) 1902 (40.8) 1098 (55.5) 611 (49.7)
Race/ethnicity, n (%)
 White 4412 (37.6) b,c,d 1010 (21.7) c,d 893 (45.1) d 333 (27.1)
 Asian 3106 (26.5) 1449 (31.1) 499 (25.2) 371 (30.2)
 Pacific Islander 2346 (20.0) 1213 (26.0) 329 (16.6) 299 (24.3)
 Hispanic 519 (4.4) 296 (6.4) 84 (4.2) 72 (5.9)
 Other 1338 (11.4) 691 (14.8) 173 (8.7) 155 (12.6)
Residency, n (%)
 Other Island 3960 (33.8) b 1384 (29.7) c,d 677 (34.2) 416 (33.8)
 Oahu 7761 (66.2) 3275 (70.3) 1301 (65.8) 814 (66.2)
Dual eligibility, n (%)e
  1677 (14.3) b,c 787 (16.9) c,d 242 (12.2) 157 (12.8)
Hypertension, n (%)
  6814 (58.1) b,c,d 3971 (85.2) c,d 1623 (82.1) d 1169 (95.0)
Hyperlipidemia, n (%)
  5262 (44.9) b,c,d 3507 (75.3) d 1460 (73.8) d 1144 (93.0)
COPD, n (%) 1278 (10.9) b,c,d 588 (12.6) c,d 400 (20.2) d 292 (23.7)
Dementia, n (%) 1013 (8.6) b,c,d 478 (10.3) c,d 275 (13.9) 157 (12.8)
CKD, n (%) 1867 (15.9) b,c,d 1837 (39.4) c,d 475 (24.0) 570 (46.3)
  1. a Older adults with NVAF had no stroke, acute myocardial infarction, and heart failure at baseline (n = 19,588). b,c,d A significant difference between the corresponding group in the column and the bDM, cOA, or dDM/OA group (< 0.05). eDual eligible for Medicare and Medicaid for at least 12 consecutive months over the study period. Abbreviations: SD =  standard deviation; CKD =  chronic kidney disease; COPD =  chronic obstructive pulmonary disease