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Table 3 Estimates of quit ratio, mean number of cigarettes smoked per day (CPD) in ten countries; absolute difference and percentage change between baseline and most recent GATS

From: Changes in adult smoking behaviours in ten global adult tobacco survey (GATS) countries during 2008–2018 - a test of ‘hardening’ hypothesis’

  Quit ratio Number of cigarettes smoked per day (CPD)
Men Women Both sexes Men Women Both sexes
India 2009 0.145 0.158 0.146 10.7 (10.2, 11.1) 8.2 (6.6, 9.8) 13.3 (12.2, 14.3)
India 2016 0.198 0.2 0.198 14.0 (12.8, 15.2) 6.2 (5.1, 7.2) 10.4 (9.9, 10.8)
Absolute change 0.053 0.042 0.052 3.3 −2.0 −2.9
% change 36.6 26.6 35.6 31.4 −24.4 −21.7
P-value     < 0.001 0.040 < 0.001
Bangladesh 2009 0.1920 0.402 0.202 12.3 (11.8, 12.8) 7.9 (4.7, 11.1) 12.2 (11.6, 12.7)
Bangladesh 2017 0.2290 0.602 0.240 11.5 (10.8, 12.1) 7.6 (5.1, 10.2) 11.4 (10.7, 12.1)
Absolute change 0.04 0.20 0.04 −0.8 −0.2 − 0.8
% change 19.2 49.0 18.8 −6.5 −3.2 −6.5
P-value     0.056 0.886 0.078
China 2010 0.172 0.230 0.176 16.3 (15.8, 16.9) 12.4 (11.2, 13.7) 16.2 (15.6, 16.8)
China 2018 0.233 0.331 0.239 18.3 (17.7, 19.0) 14.2 (12.3, 16.1) 18.2 (17.6, 18.8)
Absolute change 0.061 0.10 0.06 2.0 1.7 2.0
% change 35.4 43.9 26.3 12.2 14.0 11.0
P-value     < 0.001 0.12 < 0.001
Mexico 2009 0.507 0.565 0.521 9.8 (8.6, 11.1) 8.4 (6.1, 10.6) 9.5 (8.2, 10.7)
Mexico 2015 0.511 0.641 0.554 8.1 (7.3, 8.9) 6.9 (5.9, 7.8) 7.8 (7.2, 8.4)
Absolute change 0.004 0.076 0.033 −1.7 −1.5 −1.7
% change 0.8 13.5 6.3 − 17.6 − 17.6 − 17.6
P-value     0.025 0.228 0.016
Philippines 2009 0.277 0.409 0.303 11.1 (10.6, 11.7) 6.7 (5.9, 7.6) 10.4 (9.9, 10.9)
Philippines 2015 0.247 0.379 0.268 11.2 (10.7, 11.8) 8.2 (6.5, 9.8) 10.9 (10.4, 11.5)
Absolute change −0.03 −0.03 −0.035 0.1 1.47 0.48
% change −10.8 −7.3 −11.6 0.90 21.9 4.60
P-value     0.871 0.113 0.239
Russia 2009 0.238 0.331 0.26 17.0 (16.4, 17.5) 10.9 (9.9, 11.8) 15.4 (14.8, 15.9)
Russia 2016 0.3 0.659 0.335 17.0 (16.4, 17.7) 14.4 (12.9, 15.9) 16.4 (15.7, 17.0)
Absolute change 0.062 3.28 0.075 0.1 3.5 1.0
% change 26.1 99.1 28.9 0.4 32.4 6.8
P-value     1.00 < 0.001 0.021
Turkey 2008 0.356 0.415 0.371 19.4 (18.8, 20.0) 12.1 (11.2, 13.1) 17.8 (17.2, 18.4)
Turkey 2016 0.182 0.165 0.177 19.2 (18.3, 20.2) 20.2 (14.7, 25.8) 19.5 (17.7, 21.4)
Absolute change −0.174 −0.25 − 0.194 − 0.2 8.1 1.7
% change −48.9 −60.2 −52.3 −0.9 66.5 9.4
P-value     0.727 0.005 0.087
Ukraine 2010 0.335 0.449 0.355 17.2 (16.1, 17.8) 11.1 (10.1, 12.0) 16.0 (15.5, 16.5)
Ukraine 2017 0.402 0.454 0.412 18.2 (17.7, 18.7) 12.6 (11.7, 1 3.5) 17.2 (16.7, 17.6)
Absolute change 0.067 0.005 0.057 1.0 1.5 1.1
% change 20.0 1.1 16.1 6.1 13.9 7.1
P-value     0.246 0.032 0.0005
Uruguay 2009 0.497 0.488 0.493 16.8 (15.5, 18.1) 12.5 (11.4, 13.5) 15.0 (14.0, 15.9)
Uruguay 2017 0.571 0.549 0.561 16.7 (15.5, 17.9) 13.3 (12.3,14.3) 15.2 (14.4, 16.0)
Absolute change 0.074 0.061 0.068 −0.1 0.8 0.2
% change 14.9 12.5 13.8 −0.6 6.5 1.5
P-value     0.912 .0.387 0.775
Vietnam 2010 0.305 0.44 0.311 14.6 (13.7, 15.4) 10.0 (8.1, 11.9) 14.4 (13.6, 15.2)
Vietnam 2015 0.326 0.448 0.331 15.2 (14.6, 15.7) 11.5 (8.8, 14.2) 15.1 (14.4, 15.6)
Absolute change 0.021 0.008 0.02 0.6 1.5 0.6
% change 6.9 1.8 6.4 4.0 15.2 4.5
P-value     0.442 0.027 0.175