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Table 2 Odds Ratios from Weighted Logistic Regression Predicting Influenza Vaccination, 2019 BRFSSa

From: Structural inequities in seasonal influenza vaccination rates

Odds Ratio (95% CI)b
N = 279,590 Odds Ratio (95% CI) P value
Age 1.01 (1.01, 1.02) < 0.001
Sex   < 0.001
 Female 1.00  
 Male 0.81 (0.78, 0.83)  
Race   < 0.001
 NH-White 1.00  
 NH-Black 0.75 (0.71, 0.79)  
 Hispanic 1.02 (0.95, 1.09)  
 Other race 0.75 (0.60, 0.93)  
 Asian 1.06 (0.94, 1.19)  
 American Indian / Alaska Native 0.76 (0.66, 0.88)  
 Multiracial 0.92 (0.82, 1.02)  
 Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.87 (0.65, 1.17)  
Education   < 0.001
 Less than high school 0.57 (0.53, 0.62)  
 High school graduate 0.58 (0.55, 0.60)  
 Some college 0.67 (0.64, 0.70)  
 College graduate or more 1.00  
Income   0.005
  < $25,000 0.94 (0.90, 0.99)  
 $25 – $49,999 0.94 (0.90, 0.99)  
 $50 – $74,999 0.93 (0.88, 0.97)  
  ≥ $75,000 1.00  
Divisionsc   < 0.001
 New England 1.00  
 Middle Atlantic 0.95 (0.89, 1.01)  
 East North Central 0.79 (0.75, 0.83)  
 West North Central 1.02 (0.97, 1.08)  
 South Atlantic 0.88 (0.83, 0.93)  
 East South Central 0.84 (0.79, 0.90)  
 West South Central 0.90 (0.84, 0.98)  
 Mountain 0.84 (0.79, 0.89)  
 Pacific 0.86 (0.80, 0.91)  
Health Insurance   < 0.001
 Yes 1.00  
 No 0.52 (0.48, 0.56)  
Primary Care Doctor   < 0.001
 Yes 1.00  
 No 0.52 (0.50, 0.55)  
Delayed Care due to Cost   
 No 1.00 < 0.001
 Yes 0.71 (0.67, 0.75)  
Asthma   
 No 1.00 < 0.001
 Yes 1.20 (1.15, 1.26)  
CVD   
 No 1.00 < 0.001
 Yes 1.13 (1.07, 1.19)  
Hypertension   
 No 1.00 < 0.001
 Yes 1.25 (1.21, 1.30)  
BMI   0.285
 Normal/under 1.00  
 Overweight 0.97 (0.93, 1.01)  
 Obese 0.98 (0.94, 1.02)  
Cancer   < 0.001
 No 1.00  
 Yes 1.34 (1.28, 1.40)  
Diabetes   < 0.001
 No 1.00  
 Yes 1.40 (1.33, 1.47)  
  1. Notes: Boldface indicates statistical significance p < 0.05
  2. a Includes data from the 2019 BRFSS annual survey. Analysis excludes US territories
  3. b Data represent odds ratios (95% confidence intervals)
  4. c New England division includes: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Middle Atlantic includes: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. East North Central division includes: Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin. West North Central division includes: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota. South Atlantic division includes: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. East South Central division includes: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee. West South Central division includes: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. Mountain division includes: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Montana, Utah, Nevada, and Wyoming. Pacific division includes: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington