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Table 3 Comparisons of childhood adverse experiences in non-violent and violent men in surveys (n = 2656)

From: Interpersonal violence in a deprived Scottish urban area with aggregations of physical health risks and psychiatric morbidity: an ecological study

Adverse Childhood experiences Non-Violent men Violent men Violent men
National
N = 1242 (46.8%)
Glasgow east
N = 470 (17.7%)
National
N = 655 (69.4%)
Glasgow east
N = 289 (30.6%)
National cf. Glasgow East
N(%) N(%) Model 1 AOR(95%CI) N(%) Model 1 AOR(95%CI) N(%) Model 1 AOR(95%CI) Model 1 AOR(95%CI) Model 2 AOR(95%CI)a
Bullying 341(27.5) 116(24.7) 0.86 (0.68–1.10) 249(38.0) 1.67*** (1.37–2.05) 98(33.9) 1.46* (1.04–1.79) 0.86 (0.68–1.10) 0.86 (0.61–1.21)
Witnessed violence in home 85(6.8) 51(10.9) 1.63** (1.13–2.35) 131(20.0) 3.64*** (2.71–4.89) 100(34.6) 7.43*** (5.34–10.32) 1.62* (1.12–2.34) 1.36 (0.93–1.98)
Sexual abuse 27(2.2) 6(1.3) 0.55 (0.22–1.37) 21(3.2) 1.65 (0.92–2.95) 7(2.4) 1.10 (0.47–2.60) 0.55 (0.22–1.36) 0.44 (0.16–1.19)
Physical abuse 51(4.1) 16(3.4) 0.82 (0.46–1.44) 71(10.8) 3.02*** (2.07–4.40) 39(13.5) 3.71*** (2.39–5.75) 0.82 (0.46–1.44) 0.84 (0.51–1.38)
Neglect 27(2.2) 13(2.8) 1.22 (0.62–2.39) 49(7.5) 3.82*** (2.36–6.18) 23(8.0) 3.91*** (2.21–6.93) 1.23 (0.63–2.41) 1.02 (0.54–1.93)
Serious injury 17(1.4) 11(2.3) 1.75 (0.82–3.73) 30(4.6) 3.68*** (2.01–6.74) 19(6.6) 5.24*** (2.70–10.17) 1.74 (0.82–3.71) 1.42 (0.67–2.99)
In care 22(1.8) 11(2.4) 1.31 (0.62–2.73) 49(7.7) 4.78*** (2.85–8.03) 26(9.2) 5.61*** (3.12–10.09) 1.31 (0.63–2.75) 0.79 (0.44–1.44)
No. of ACE
 0 837(67.4) 302(64.3) 0.87 (0.70–1.09) 311(47.5) 0.42*** (0.35–0.51) 112(38.8) 0.30*** (0.23–0.39) 0.71* (0.54–0.94) 0.83 (0.59–1.16)
 4 or more 29(2.3) 10(2.1) 0.88 (0.43–1.83) 42(6.4) 3.23*** (1.99–5.26) 28(9.7) 4.63*** (2.70–7.93) 1.42 (0.86–2.36) 1.09 (0.59–2.01)
  Mean(SD) Mean(SD) P value Mean(SD) P value Mean(SD) P value P value P value
No of ACEs 0.52(1.01) 0.55(0.96) 0.811 1.04(1.37) < 0.001 1.26(1.47) < 0.001 0.066 0.066
  1. ACE: adverse childhood experiences
  2. Model 1 Adjusted for age
  3. Model 2 Adjusted for age, unemployment and IMDR