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Table 7 Association between the MK-K5 and ever being diagnosed with depression, ever being diagnosed with anxiety, and high happiness (convergent validity assessment)

From: Reliability, validity, and clinical utility of a culturally modified Kessler scale (MK-K5) in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population

Level of psychological distress Without outcome
% (n)
With outcome
% (n)
PR of reporting outcome
(95%CI)
Outcome: Ever diagnosed with depression
MK-K5
  Low (5- < 8) 87.3 (1801) 12.7 (262) 1 (ref)
  Moderate (8- < 12) 69.9 (1535) 30.1 (660) 2.37 (2.08–2.70)
  High (12- < 15) 53.0 (572) 47.0 (507) 3.70 (3.25–4.21)
  Very High (15–25) 35.2 (581) 64.8 (1070) 5.10 (4.53–5.75)
Outcome: Ever diagnosed with anxiety
MK-K5
  Low (5- < 8) 88.3 (1822) 11.7 (241) 1 (ref)
  Moderate (8- < 12) 74.1 (1626) 25.9 (569) 2.22 (1.93–2.55)
  High (12- < 15) 60.6 (654) 39.4 (425) 3.37 (2.93–3.88)
  Very High (15–25) 43.3 (715) 56.7 (936) 4.85 (4.28–5.50)
Outcome: High happiness
MK-K5
  Low (5- < 8) 97.2 (2001) 2.8 (57) 1 (ref)
  Moderate (8- < 12) 94.8 (2075) 5.3 (115) 0.97 (0.96–0.99)
  High (12- < 15) 88.5 (952) 11.5 (124) 0.91 (0.89–0.93)
  Very High (15–25) 65.6 (1073) 34.4 (563) 0.67 (0.65–0.70)