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Table 3 Results from linear regression models with the outcomes of height-for-age z-score (HAZ), height-for-age difference (HAD), weight-for-age z-score (WAZ), and weight-for-age difference (WAD) change between 24 and 60 months as a function of anthropometry at 24 months and other child and household factors in six sites from the MAL-ED study (BGD, INV, NEB, PEL, SAV, TZH)

From: Influences on catch-up growth using relative versus absolute metrics: evidence from the MAL-ED cohort study

  Δ 24 to 60mo (n = 942)
  ΔHAZ (SE) ΔHAD (SE) ΔWAZ (SE) ΔWAD (SE)
HAZ at 24 mo - 0.25 (0.02)***    
HAD at 24 mo   0.12 (0.03)***   
WAZ at 24 mo    -0.26 (0.02)***  
WAD at 24 mo     0.33 (0.04)***
SES score, 30–36 mo (10% increase) 0.01 (0.01) 0.03 (0.06) 0.04 (0.02)* 0.09 (0.04)*
Boys 0, Girls 1 -0.21 (0.03)*** -0.75 (0.16)*** - 0.16 (0.04)*** -0.48 (0.09)***
Maternal height (per 10 cm) 0.09 (0.03)** 0.45 (0.15)** 0.10 (0.04)* 0.22 (0.09)*
Mean Lactulose:Mannitol z-score -0.10 (0.03)*** -0.47 (0.13)*** - 0.13 (0.03)*** -0.28 (0.08)***
Mean energy intake 9–24 mo 0.01 (0.02) 0.07 (0.08) -0.02 (0.02) -0.02 (0.05)
Protein density 9–24 mo -0.01 (0.02) - 0.03 (0.08) -0.05 (0.02)* - 0.11 (0.05)*
Mean transferrin receptor, inflammation adjusted [30] 0.00 (0.01) 0.01 (0.03) 0.02 (0.01)* 0.04 (0.02)*
  1. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05