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Table 4 Transparency levels of reported proxy decision-makers in main texts of CT publications and supplementary material

From: Transparent reporting of recruitment and informed consent approaches in clinical trials recruiting children with minor parents in sub-Saharan Africa: a secondary analysis based on a systematic review

Transparency level Proxy decision-maker description All proxy decision-makers in CT publications and supplementary material Most specific proxy decision-makers in main texts of CT publications
n (%) n (%)
Basic Informed consent from an undefined representative (e.g., parents, parents or guardians, caregivers, guardians, etc.) 31 (40.3) 22 (50.0)
Extended 1 Representative specified by number (e.g., at least one, each, one) or type (e.g., mothers, family, legal/authorised/identifiable guardian, etc.) 40 (51.9) 20 (45.5)
Extended 2 Representatives defined by age or competence (e.g., adult/of legal age, ability/capability to understand and give consent, a person with power of attorney) 6 (7.8) 1 (2.3)
Total   77 (100.0) 43 a (97.8)
  1. a For one CT, the proxy decision-maker was only mentioned in the CT registration [62]