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Table 3 Proxy decision-maker types, subtypes, and numbers mentioned across CT publications and supplementary material

From: Transparent reporting of recruitment and informed consent approaches in clinical trials recruiting children with minor parents in sub-Saharan Africa: a secondary analysis based on a systematic review

Proxy decision-maker description n (%)
Total 77 (100.0)
Parents 30 (39.0)
Unspecified parents 23 (29.9)
- Unspecified number 15 (19.5)
- Onea 8 (10.3)
Mother 4 (5.2)
Mother involving fathers/partners/husbands involved in the decision-making 1 (1.3)
Mother able to understand study procedures and give consent/of a specific age 2 (2.6)
Parents or guardians 28 (36.4)
Unspecified parents or guardians 21 (27.3)
- Unspecified number 13 (16.9)
- Onea 6 (7.8)
- At least one 1 (1.3)
- Each 1 (1.3)
Parents or legal guardians/legally acceptable representatives 4 (5.2)
- Unspecified number 2 (2.6)
- Onea 1 (1.3)
- Each 1 (1.3)
Parents or guardians of legal age/adult/with the ability to give informed consent 3 (3.9)
- Unspecified number 2 (2.6)
- Onea 1 (1.3)
Caregivers (incl. Caretaker, carer) 10 (13.0)
Unspecified caregivers 5 (6.5)
- Unspecified number 3 (3.9)
- Onea 1 (1.3)
- At least one 1 (1.3)
Family 3 (3.9)
- Unspecified number 3 (3.9)
Primary caregiver (Mother/Father/Legal guardian) 2 (2.6)
- Onea 2 (2.6)
Guardians 9 (11.7)
Unspecified guardians 3 (3.9)
- Onea 2 (2.6)
- At least one 1 (1.3)
Authorised/identifiable/legal guardian 5 (6.5)
- Onea 3 (3.9)
- At least one 2 (2.6)
Guardian capable of providing consent 1 (1.3)
- Onea 1 (1.3)
  1. a Single proxy decision-makers were counted whenever the singular was employed to refer to consent by a parent/guardian. When consent was provided by mothers with no other specification, only one decision-maker was counted. Otherwise, terms in their plural form, as well as the designation of “parental” were recorded as “unspecified number”, unless other indications regarding multiple consenters were provided