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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants and prevalence of self-reported sexually transmitted infections across independent variables

From: Self-reported sexually transmitted infections among sexually active men in Ghana

Variables Weighted sample (n = 3051) Had any STI in the last 12 months 95%CI
Frequency Percentage Yes (%) Lower bound Upper bound
Age (years) (χ2 = 48.9, p < 0.001)
 15–24 501 16.41 9.8 7.63 14.24
 25–34 961 31.49 7.83 5.67 9.92
 35–44 839 27.48 4.4 3.07 6.28
 45+ 751 24.62 1.79 0.90 2.82
Residence (χ2 = 0.75, p = 0.385)
 Urban 1594 52.23 5.29 3.87 6.57
 Rural 1457 47.77 6.01 4.98 8.17
Ecological Zone (χ2 = 13.8, p = 0.001)
 Northern zone 379 12.43 3.27 1.78 4.37
 Middle zone 1449 47.5 7.12 5.28 8.17
 Coastal zone 1223 40.07 5.61 3.95 7.70
Education (χ2 = 13.5, p = 0.001)
 No education 375 12.3 2.47 1.15 4.13
 Primary 390 12.77 5.2 3.65 8.66
 Second/higher 2286 74.93 6.58 5.12 7.66
Wealth index (χ2 = 5.1, p = 0.079)
 Poor 973 31.89 4.82 3.43 6.49
 Middle 624 20.46 7.38 5.25 9.77
 Rich 1454 47.65 5.72 4.28 7.53
Marital status (χ2 = 56.8, p < 0.001)
 Not married 1291 42.31 9.59 7.83 11.89
 Married 1760 57.69 3.13 2.04 3.77
Religion (χ2 = 1.7, p = 0.429)
 Christianity 2206 72.3 5.96 4.76 7.22
 Islam 521 17.07 4.6 2.72 6.46
 Other 324 10.62 5.88 4.36 10.62
Ethnicity (χ2 = 9.8, p = 0.020)
 Akan 1497 49.07 6.71 4.99 8.35
 Ga/Dangme/ewe 720 23.59 6.72 4.56 8.73
 Mole Dagbani 417 13.67 3.89 2.42 6.37
 Other 417 13.67 4.22 2.22 5.63
Occupation (χ2 = 0.2, p = 0.667)
 Not working 117 3.83 4.8 2.39 13.22
 Working 2934 96.17 5.71 4.72 6.84
Age at first sex (years) (χ2 = 21.2, p < 0.001)
  < =19 1705 55.9 7.45 6.15 9.31
 20 and above 1346 44.1 3.57 2.34 4.63
 Number of sex partners excluding spouse in the last 12 months (χ2 = 123.9, p < 0.001)
 0 1790 58.68 3.14 2.08 3.84
 1 1008 33.03 7.11 5.37 9.25
 2+ 253 8.3 21.2 14.46 28.17
Ever been tested for HIV (χ2 = 2.9, p = 0.108)
 No 2250 73.76 6.06 5.19 7.71
 Yes 801 26.24 4.52 2.66 5.68
Exposure to Mass media
Newspaper/magazine (χ2 = 5.04, p = 0.025)
  No 1993 65.33 6.29 5.60 8.15
  Yes 1058 34.67 4.24 2.50 5.35
Radio (χ2 = 0.82, p = 0.364)
  No 127 4.15 4.0 1.03 5.56
  Yes 2924 95.85 5.76 4.85 7.01
Television (χ2 = 8.2, p = 0.004)
  No 469 15.38 3.28 2.10 5.86
  Yes 2582 84.62 6.27 5.02 7.36
Covered by NHIS (χ2 = 2.5, p = 0.114)
  No 1618 53.04 6.34 5.12 8.24
  Yes 1433 46.96 5.01 3.60 6.20
  STI Prevalence    6.00 4.70 6.80
  1. Source: 2014 GDHS
  2. CI confidence interval