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Table 2 Characteristics of 4135 HSNI14/15 participants by self-reported antibiotic use in the past 12 months

From: Knowledge about infections is associated with antibiotic use: cross-sectional evidence from the health survey Northern Ireland

Characteristics Use of antibiotics in the past 12 months
No
N = 2521
n (%)
Yes
N = 1614
n (%)
Chi-square (df) P
Knowledge about infections and antibiotic resistance    31.62 (6) < 0.001
0 (lowest knowledge) 253 (10.0) 100 (6.2)   
1 70 (2.8) 45 (2.8)   
2 99 (3.9) 61 (3.8)   
3 517 (20.5) 374 (23.2)   
4 631 (25.0) 380 (23.5)   
5 592 (23.5) 360 (22.3)   
6 (highest knowledge) 359 (14.2) 294 (18.2)   
Sex    36.44 (1) < 0.001
Male 1129 (44.8) 570 (35.3)   
Female 1392 (55.2) 1044 (64.7)   
Age group (years)    10.53 (3) 0.015
16–24 153 (6.1) 94 (5.9)   
25–44 793 (31.4) 503 (31.1)   
45–64 899 (35.6) 515 (31.9)   
  > 65 676 (26.9) 502 (31.1)   
Current smoker, Yes 485 (19.3) 376 (23.3) 9.83 (1) 0.002
Alcohol drinker, Yes 1920 (76.2) 1193 (73.9) 2.66 (1) 0.102
Deprivation quintiles    29.34 (4) < 0.001
1 (most deprived) 362 (14.4) 306 (19.0)   
2 490 (19.4) 343 (21.2)   
3 536 (21.2) 363 (22.5)   
4 592 (23.5) 325 (20.2)   
5 (least deprived) 541 (21.5) 277 (17.1)   
General health    209.55 (2) < 0.001
Good 1643 (65.2) 738 (45.7)   
Fairly good 610 (24.2) 458 (28.4)   
Not good 268 (10.6) 418 (25.9)   
Satisfaction with life    33.47 (2) < 0.001
Satisfied 2258 (89.6) 1358 (84.1)   
Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 177 (7.0) 144 (8.9)   
Dissatisfied 86 (3.4) 112 (7.0)   
  1. †: Two-sided Pearson chi-square statistics (degrees of freedom) and P value
  2. HSNI: Health Survey Northern Ireland