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Table 2 Multivariate logistic regression for high social isolation, by country

From: Social isolation, physical inactivity and inadequate diet among European middle-aged and older adults

Health risk behaviours Physical inactivity No fruits or vegetables
Country OR CI 95% p OR CI 95% p
Austria 2.09 (1.63–2.69) <  0.001 1.65 (1.35–2.03) <  0.001
Germany 1.40 (1.07–1.83) 0.013 1.53 (1.24–1.88) <  0.001
Sweden 1.53 (1.12–2.10) 0.008 1.69 (1.33–2.15) <  0.001
Spain 0.86 (0.71–1.04) 0.123 1.13 (0.95–1.35) 0.170
Italy 1.12 (0.95–1.32) 0.178 1.40 (1.15–1.70) <  0.001
France 1.19 (0.96–1.48) 0.115 1.82 (1.43–2.32) <  0.001
Denmark 1.59 (1.13–2.23) 0.008 1.88 (1.44–2.44) <  0.001
Greece 1.41 (1.18–1.70) <  0.001 1.17 (1.00–1.37) 0.051
Switzerland 1.06 (0.73–1.53) 0.758 1.71 (1.26–2.34) <  0.001
Belgium 1.28 (1.05–1.56) 0.013 2.37 (1.94–2.90) <  0.001
Israel 0.97 (0.71–1.32) 0.844 1.19 (0.90–1.58) 0.222
Czech Republic 0.99 (0.82–1.21) 0.944 1.31 (1.12–1.53) <  0.001
Poland 1.31 (0.99–1.75) 0.063 1.13 (0.90–1.42) 0.303
Luxembourg 1.76 (1.14–2.71) 0.010 1.77 (1.18–2.65) 0.006
Portugal 1.09 (0.78–1.54) 0.607 1.25 (0.81–1.94) 0.317
Slovenia 0.95 (0.72–1.24) 0.693 1.46 (1.15–1.84) 0.002
Estonia 1.27 (1.06–1.51) 0.009 1.48 (1.29–1.71) <  0.001
Croatia 1.26 (0.93–1.71) 0.140 1.56 (1.22–1.99) <  0.001
  1. Source: SHARE, wave 6, release 7.0.0., N = 66,963. Model 1: adjusted for age, sex, education, income, physical and mental health, excessive alcohol consumption, ever smoked, number of doctor’s appointments in the last month and non-consumption of fruit or vegetables every day. Model 2: adjusted to variables of Model 1, except non-consumption of fruit or vegetables every day, and plus physical inactivity