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Table 4 Associations between meeting WHO Global PA Recommendations and selected COVID-19 factors

From: Changes in physical activity and sleep habits among adults in Russian Federation during COVID-19: a cross-sectional study

  Meeting PA Recommendation (150mins/week MPA or 75mins/week VPA) Meeting muscle-strengthening activities recommendation (≥2 days/week)
% OR (95%CI) % OR (95%CI)
Follow self-isolation recommendation
 No (ref) 88.0% 0.95 (0.85–1.05) 92.2% 1.28 (1.17–1.4)
 Yes
Own a pet dog
 No (ref) 32.5% 1.23 (1.13–1.33) 27.3% 1.04(0.95–1.12)
 Yes
Had access to outside
 No (ref) 92.8% 1.12 (1.01–1.24) 91.2% 0.99 (0.87–1.12)
 Yes
Had access to a green space
 No (ref) 75.4% 1.17 (1.09–1.24) 73.7% 1.14 (1.06–1.23)
 Yes
Had increase in number of days per week with sleep problems
 No (ref) 66.1% 0.88 (0.83–0.94) 62.9% 0.95 (0.88–1.02)
 Yes
Used digital or online PA resources
 No (ref) 47.0% 1.40 (1.3–1.51) 52.0% 1.93 (1.75–2.13)
 Yes
Following at least two relevant preventive measures from Ministry of Health
 No (ref) 4.2% 1.00 (0.86–1.17) 4.6% 1.08 (0.89–1.30)
 Yes
Geographic location
 Urban (ref) 25.7% 0.89 (0.82–0.96) 23.6% 0.95 (0.87–1.04)
 Rural
Live in a flat/hostel
 No (ref) 61.1% 0.8 (0.74–0.87) 65.5% 0.91 (0.84–0.98)
 Yes
  1. All analyses adjusted for sex and age
  2. PA Physical activity, MPA Moderate-intensity physical activity, VPA Vigorous- intensity physical activity