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Table 3 Associations between changes in time spent in physical activity and sleep and selected COVID-19 factors

From: Changes in physical activity and sleep habits among adults in Russian Federation during COVID-19: a cross-sectional study

  Change (In the last 7 days minus Before COVID-19)
Mins per week VPA Mins per week MPA Mins per week walking Days per week muscle strengthening activities Days per week not getting enough sleep
β 95% CI β 95% CI β 95% CI β 95% CI β 95% CI
Had children U18 living with you −0.64 −1.28, 0 −0.74 −1.48, 0 − 0.2 − 1.22, 0.82 − 0.01 − 0.02, 0.01 0.414 0.25, 0.58
Followed self-isolation recommendation 4.02 −15.96, 23.99 − 13.94 −36.99, 9.11 −84.01 − 115.73, −52.29 0.09 − 0.22, 0.4 − 0.555 − 0.82, − 0.29
Owned a pet dog − 0.36 −1.56, 0.85 − 0.83 −2.22, 0.56 − 0.9 −2.81, 1.02 −0.01 − 0.03, 0.01 −0.002 − 0.21, 0.20
Had access to the outside 0.99 −0.01, 2.00 0.64 −0.53, 1.8 0.59 −1.01, 2.19 −0.001 −0.02, 0.01 − 0.151 −0.44, 0.14
Had access to a “green space” −0.38 −1.10, 0.34 −0.33 − 1.17, 0.5 − 0.6 − 1.74, 0.54 0.004 −0.01, 0.015 − 0.098 −0.29,0.09
Had increase in number of days per week with sleep problems −28.10 −41.09, − 15.11 −44.32 −59.31, 29.34 −82.90 − 103.53, −62.27 −0.03 − 0.23, 0.17 1.302 1.13,1.47
Used digital or online PA resources 18.85 5.16, 32.55 22.62 6.81, 38.42 8.28 −13.48, 30.03 0.42 0.21, 0.63 −0.44 −0.62, − 0.26
Followed at least two relevant preventive measures from Ministry of Health 12.79 −17.99, 43.57 6.80 −28.72, 42.32 −28.21 −77.10, 20.67 0.29 −0.19, 0.76 −0.091 − 0.49,0.31
Fitness centre/gym closed −99.56 −115.61, −83.51 − 77.03 −95.55, −58.50 −40.74 −66.23, − 15.24 −1.36 − 1.61,-1.11 0.044 −0.16,0.25
Couldn’t leave the house for PA −93.41 −109.21, − 77.62 − 122.75 −140.98,-104.53 −217.48 − 242.56, − 192.39 −1.25 − 1.49, − 1.01 0.231 0.02,0.44
Able to participate in calisthenic activities at home 19.42 2.80, 36.05 1.30 −17.89, 20.48 −21.92 −48.33, 4.48 1.07 0.82, 1.33 −0.473 − 0.69, − 0.256
Had a home gym 38.46 15.33, 61.59 33.24 6.54, 59.93 −20.68 −57.42, 16.05 0.88 0.53, 1.24 −0.134 −0.43,0.17
Live in a Metropolis/city −16.46 −43.23, 10.30 −8.36 −39.25, 22.52 −5.12 −47.63, 37.38 −0.13 −0.54, 0.28 − 0.081 −0.43,0.27
Live in a flat/apartment −11.70 −27.92, 4.51 −25.95 −44.67, −7.24 −38.44 −64.19, − 12.68 0,01 − 0.24, 0.26 − 0.123 −0.34,0.1
Live in urban area (population) 15.18 − 12.38, 42.74 3.33 −28.49, 35.13 − 12.29 − 56.06, 31.48 0.07 −0.36, 0.49 −0.337 − 0.70,0.02
  1. All analyses adjusted for sex and age
  2. PA Physical activity, MPA Moderate-intensity physical activity, VPA Vigorous-intensity physical activity