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Table 3 Associations of sociodemographic characteristics with economic abuse, for 4906 ever-married women in informal settlements in Mumbai

From: Economic abuse and its associations with symptoms of common mental disorders among women in a cross-sectional survey in informal settlements in Mumbai, India

  Economic Abuse     
No Yes     
n (%) n (%) OR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Marital status
 Currently married 3710 (79) 984 (21) 1   1  
 Widowed, separated, divorced 90 (42) 122 (58) 5.1 (3.7, 7.1) 12.4 (6.4, 24.1)
Respondent age (years)
 18–25 804 (78) 221 (22) 1   1  
 26–30 1106 (78) 315 (22) 1.0 (0.8, 1.3) 1.2 (0.9, 1.7)
 31–36 915 (78) 257 (22) 1.0 (0.8, 1.3) 1.2 (0.9, 1.6)
 37–49 975 (76) 313 (24) 1.2 (0.9, 1.5) 1.5 (1.1, 2.1)
Respondent education (school years)
 No education 726 (77) 212 (23) 1   1  
 Primary 1–5 653 (77) 193 (23) 1.0 (0.8, 1.3) 0.8 (0.6, 1.1)
 Middle 6–8 830 (76) 269 (24) 1.1 (0.9, 1.4) 0.9 (0.7, 1.1)
 High 9–10 844 (76) 261 (24) 1.1 (0.9, 1.3) 1.0 (0.8, 1.3)
 Senior 11–12 433 (81) 100 (19) 0.8 (0.6, 1.1) 0.8 (0.6, 1.4)
 Above 12 314 (82) 71 (18) 0.8 (0.6, 1.1) 0.9 (0.6, 1.3)
Religion
 Muslim 1403 (77) 423 (23) 1   1  
 Hindu 2255 (78) 627 (22) 0.9 (0.8, 1.1) 1.1 (0.9, 1.3)
 Other 142 (72) 56 (28) 1.3 (0.9, 1.8) 0.7 (0.4, 1.1)
Caste
 General 2233 (78) 621 (22) 1   1  
 Other backward caste 942 (80) 238 (20) 0.9 (0.8, 1.1) 0.8 (0.7, 0.9)
 Scheduled tribe or caste 625 (72) 247 (28) 1.4 (1.2, 1.7) 1.3 (1.0, 1.6)
Socioeconomic quintile
 1 poorest 717 (74) 252 (26) 1   1  
 2 727 (78) 209 (22) 0.8 (0.7, 1.0) 0.9 (0.7, 1.1)
 3 720 (77) 214 (23) 0.9 (0.8, 1.0) 0.9 (0.7, 1.2)
 4 727 (78) 206 (22) 0.8 (0.6, 1.0) 0.8 (0.6, 1.1)
 5 least poor 765 (82) 170 (18) 0.6 (0.5, 0.8) 0.7 (0.5, 0.9)
Respondent in remunerated work
 No 2982 (80) 742 (20) 1   1  
 Yes 818 (69) 364 (31) 1.8 (1.5, 2.1) 1.4 (1.2, 1.7)
Husband in remunerated work
 No 51 (52) 48 (48) 1   1  
 Yes 3674 (78) 1012 (22) 0.3 (0.2, 0.5) 0.7 (0.4, 1.3)
Respondent uses alcohol or drugs
 No 3393 (79) 901 (21) 1   1  
 Yes 407 (67) 205 (34) 1.9 (1.5, 2.3) 1.2 (1.0, 1.6)
Husband uses alcohol or drugs
 No 2240 (83) 448 (17) 1   1  
 Yes 1485 (71) 615 (29) 2.1 (1.8, 2.4) 1.4 (1.2, 1.7)
Emotional violence in last 12 months
 No 3438 (86) 541 (14) 1   1  
 Yes 362 (39) 565 (61) 9.9 (8.2, 12.0) 6.3 (5.0, 7.9)
Physical violence in last 12 months
 No 3548 (83) 740 (17) 1   1  
 Yes 252 (41) 366 (59) 7.0 (5.4, 8.9) 1.9 (1.4, 2.6)
Sexual violence in last 12 months
 No 3761 (80) 959 (20) 1   1  
 Yes 39 (21) 147 (79) 14.8 (10.3, 21.1) 5.4 (3.6, 8.1)
  1. OR crude odds ratio for economic abuse, aOR adjusted odds ratio for economic abuse, including all covariates in the table