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Table 2 Adjusted ORs (95% CI) of depressive symptoms according to house damage, death of family members due to the GEJE, and social isolation by sex

From: Association between the social isolation and depressive symptoms after the great East Japan earthquake: findings from the baseline survey of the TMM CommCohort study

  Male (n = 18,423) Female (n = 30,535)
No. of Cases with Depressive Symptoms / No. of subjects OR 95% CI P Value No. of cases with Depressive Symptoms / No. of Subjects OR 95% CI P Value
House damage
 Undamaged 1487 / 8286 1.00 reference   3697 / 14,128 1.00 reference  
 Half-damaged 1636 / 8363 1.20 1.10–1.32 < 0.001 3880 / 13,320 1.18 1.11–1.25 < 0.001
 Totally damaged 523 / 1774 1.69 1.46–1.94 < 0.001 1174 / 3087 1.48 1.34–1.63 < 0.001
Death of family members due to the GEJE 1557 / 7188 1.16 1.06–1.27 0.002 5074 / 18,964 1.24 1.16–1.32 < 0.001
Social isolation 1592 / 5309 1.87 1.72–2.04 < 0.001 3177 / 7295 2.13 2.00–2.26 < 0.001
  1. OR odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  2. Depressive symptoms, CES-D ≥ 16; social isolation, LSNS-6 < 12
  3. Adjusted for age; survey year; area; education level; marital status; number of household members; working status; smoking habits; drinking habits; past or current major illness; BMI; AIS; and survey year*area
  4. Statistical significance, P < 0.05