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Table 1 Participants demographic characteristics

From: Prisoners’ access to HIV services in southern Malawi: a cross-sectional mixed methods study

Prisoners characteristics Total n (%) Central Urban Prisons n (%)a Small Rural Prisons n (%)b
N = 412 N = 353 N = 59
Age category (years)
 18–29 164 (39.8) 133 (37.7) 31 (52.5)
 30–44 197 (47.8) 174 (49.3) 23 (39.0)
 45+ 51 (12.4) 46 (13.0) 5 (8.5)
Sex
 Male 384 (93.2) 327 (92.6) 57 (96.6)
 Female 28 (6.8) 26 (7.4) 2 (3.3)
Prison status
 Remand 36 (8.7) 32 (9.1) 4 (6.8)
 Sentenced/convicted 376 (91.3) 321 (90.9) 55 (93.2)
Marital status (current)
 Married 253 (61.4) 209 (59.2) 44 (74.6)
 Single 73 (17.7) 66 (18.7) 7 (11.9)
 Divorced/Separated/Widowed 86 (20.9) 78 (22.1) 8 (13.6)
Source of income before prison
 Employed 106 (25.7) 92 (26.1) 14 (23.7)
 Unemployed 30 (7.3) 28 (7.9) 2 (3.4)
 Business 276 (67.0) 233 (66.0) 43 (72.9)
Period of incarceration (years)
 < 1 76 (18.4) 58 (16.4) 18 (30.5)
 1–5 260 (63.1) 222 (62.9) 38 (64.4)
 > 5 76 (18.4) 73 (20.7) 3 (5.1)
  1. aUrban prisons are defined as those located in the major cities
  2. bRural prisons are defined as those located in districts including satellite prisons of the urban prisons