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Table 2 Characteristics of food secure compared to food insecure participants

From: Association between food insecurity and access to a mental health professional: cross-sectional analysis of NHANES 2007–2014

   Food secure (%) Food insecure (%) p-value
Total population N = 19,789 (weighted study population N = 608,437,356) 86.1 13.9  
Age Mean (SD) 48.5 (16.8) 41.4 (14.9) < 0.0001
Gender     0.39
  Male 49.4 48.5  
  Female 50.6 51.5  
Race     < 0.0001
  Non-Hispanic, White 72.2 48.8  
  Non-Hispanic, Black 9.7 18.6  
  Hispanic 11.4 26.6  
  Other 6.6 6.0  
Marital status     < 0.0001
  Married 58.6 36.7  
  Widowed 5.8 4.8  
  Divorced/separated 11.9 19.7  
  Never married 17.2 25.9  
  Living with partner 6.5 13.0  
Education level     < 0.0001
  < High school 14.1 34.1  
  High school graduate 21.7 27.5  
  >High school 64.3 38.4  
Income-to-poverty ratio Mean (SD) 3.2 (1.6) 1.4 (1.1) < 0.0001
Born outside US Yes 15.1 23.9 < 0.0001
Insurance     < 0.0001
  Private 53.7 25.7  
  Medicare 14.7 7.7  
  Public, not Medicare 15.8 26.1  
  None 15.8 40.6  
Smoking     < 0.0001
  Never 56.5 43.6  
  Current 17.7 39.1  
  Former 25.8 17.3  
SNAP Yes 4.8 16.7 < 0.0001
WIC Yes 4.2 2.3 < 0.0001
Emergency food Yes 3.4 30.2 < 0.0001
Diabetes Yes 12.2 14.7 0.002
Dyslipidemia Yes 55.9 53.5 0.10
Hypertension Yes 38.5 35.0 0.01
Cardiovascular Disease Yes 7.4 9.0 0.03
MDD Yes 6.2 20.4 < 0.0001
MHP Yes 6.9 14.0 < 0.0001
  1. SD standard deviation, SNAP Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, WIC The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program of Women, Infants, and Children, MDD Major Depressive Disorder, MHP mental health provider