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Table 2 Thematic Map

From: A qualitative study on resilience in adult refugees in Germany

Themes’ Function within Resilience Themes Theme Contents
Manifestations of process of, capacity for, and outcome of successful adaptation Cognitive coping strategies • Acceptance
• Focus on the present or future
• Active forgetting
• Focus on daily tasks
• Belief in an internal locus of control
• Favorable comparisons between life in Germany and life in the country of origin
• Comparisons to peers
• Growth through adversity mindset
Behavioral coping strategies • Work as distraction
• Withdrawal from stressors
• Connecting to cultural roots or faith
• Processing through creative outlets
• Seeking mental health care
Self-ascribed resilience as an enduring capacity • Character traits
• Learned, life-long positive attitude
• Resilience due to good past
Volunteering, activism, and work for refugee causes • Being active for refugee causes as a manifestation of psychological and other resources, sense of one’s rights
• Giving meaning to hardships, distance from hardships, agency and identity, sense of community
• Using strengths to be a voice for peers
• Activism in the country of origin turned activism in the host country; proactive individuals
Factors facilitating successful adaptation Social support • Acceptance, feeling more at ease, sense of belonging, concrete support
• Infrastructure for social support (tandems, meet-ups) can be vital
• Language teachers as important contacts
• Family
Experiencing migration as an opportunity for self-expression, belonging, and personal development • Living more in keeping with values post-migration
• Enjoying greater freedom
• Opportunity for learning and personal development
• Having wanted to migrate
• Appreciation of multiculturalism and diversity
Experiencing migration as an opportunity for women • Opportunities for women beyond motherhood
• Freedom to choose and pursue education and career
• Feelings of youthfulness due to opportunities
• Changes in the marital relationship
Being a parent • Children’s opportunities
• Remaining hopeful for children
• Reducing stress for children
• Meaning from children
• Children as a new beginning
Being young • Not such severe loss of status
• Friends at the educational facility as key to well-being
• Clear metrics of success within an educational facility
• Educational facilities as suitable contexts for integration