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Table 4 The unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (OR) of obesity and overweight/obesity in the young adult offspring at a mean age of 20.6 years in association with maternal body mass index (BMI) status early in pregnancy

From: Higher maternal BMI early in pregnancy is associated with overweight and obesity in young adult offspring in Thailand

  OFFSPRING BMI STATUS
Overweight/obesity Obesity
MATERNAL BMI STATUS Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR
Overweight/obesity vs Underweight 12.90 (3.57, 46.60)**** 14.70 (3.95, 54.71)**** 10.84 (1.31, 89.83)* 16.95 (1.96, 146.38)*
Overweight/obesity vs Normal weight 3.55 (1.95, 6.47)**** 3.91 (2.10, 7.28)**** 3.47 (1.48, 8.14)** 4.57 (1.86, 11.26)***
Normal weight vs Underweight 3.63 (1.11, 11.88)* 3.76 (1.14, 12.40)* 3.13 (0.42, 23.47) 3.70 (0.49, 28.06)
  1. Data are the unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios with the respective 95% confidence intervals. Adjusted models accounted for gestational age, birth order, and sex
  2. Underweight, BMI < 18.5 kg/m2; normal weight, BMI 18.5–24.99 kg/m2; and overweight/obesity, BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, and ****p < 0.0001 for pairwise comparisons