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Table 2 Frequency distribution of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, HIV/AIDS-related stigma and risky sexual behavior among young aged 15–24 years, Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey 2016

From: Spatial pattern and associated factors of HIV testing and counselling among youths (15–24 years) in Ethiopia

Variables Frequency Percent
Knowledge Indicators
 Always use condoms during sex
  No 2487 24.7
  Yes 7595 75.3
 Have 1 sex partner only, who has no other partners
  No 6567 24.8
  Yes 19,970 75.2
 Can get HIV from mosquito bites
  No 6198 61.5
  Yes 3884 38.5
 Can get HIV by sharing food with person who has AIDS
  No 8640 85.7
  Yes 1442 14.3
 Can get HIV by witchcraft or supernatural means
  No 8560 84.9
  Yes 1522 15.1
 A healthy looking person can have HIV
  No 3090 30.6
  Yes 6992 69.3
 Overall knowledge
  Low 2295 22.8
  High 4899 48.6
  Comprehensive 2888 28.6
Stigma Indicators
 Would be ashamed if someone in the family had HIV
  No 6386 63.3
  Yes 3696 36.7
 Would buy vegetables from vendor with HIV
  No 4508 44.7
  Yes 5574 55.3
 Children with HIV should be allowed to attend school with children without HIV
  No 3701 36.7
  Yes 6381 63.3
 People hesitate to take HIV test because reaction of other people if positive
  No 2654 26.3
  Yes 7427 73.7
 People talk badly about people with or believed to have HIV
  No 4128 41.0
  Yes 5954 59.0
 People with or believed to have HIV lose respect from other people
  No 4500 44.6
  Yes 5582 55.4
 Overall stigma
  No 1929 19.1
  Low 4369 43.4
  Moderate 2853 28.3
  High 930 9.2
Risky Sexual Behavior Indicators
 Had any STI in last 12 months
  No 10,035 99.5
  Yes 47 0.5
 Had genital sore/ulcer in last 12 months
  No 10,025 99.4
  Yes 56 0.6
 Had genital discharge in last 12 months
  No 9991 99.1
  Yes 91 0.9
 Had multiple life time sexual partner
  No 3056 75.1