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Table 3 Associations between all influential factors and sleep disorders in two groups of models with the family social capital (FSC) and community/society social capital (CSC) as the main predictor variable separately

From: Social capital and sleep disorders in Tibet, China

Characteristic FSC as the main predictor variable CSC as the main predictor variable
Overall Male Female Overall Male Female
FSC 0.95 (0.91, 0.98)* 0.95 (0.90, 1.01) 0.94 (0.90, 0.99)*
CSC 0.98 (0.94, 1.02) 1.01 (0.94, 1.08) 0.96 (0.91, 1.01)
Age (year) 1.02 (1.00, 1.03)* 1.02 (1.00, 1.04) 1.02 (1.00, 1.03)* 1.02 (1.00, 1.03)* 1.02 (1.00, 1.04) 1.02 (1.00, 1.03)
Sex
 Male 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Female 1.6 (1.32, 1.95)*** 1.60 (1.32, 1.95)***
Hukou
 Urban 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Rural 0.71 (0.55, 0.93)* 0.59 (0.37, 0.93)* 0.78 (0.56, 1.08) 0.72 (0.55, 0.93)* 0.59 (0.37, 0.93)* 0.80 (0.57, 1.11)
Marital status
 Unmarried 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Separated/divorced/widowed 3.29 (1.76, 6.17)*** 2.60 (0.80, 8.4) 3.38 (1.57, 7.26) 3.18 (1.70, 5.96)*** 2.52 (0.78, 8.10) 3.29 (1.53, 7.08)***
 Married/cohabitation 2.84 (1.58, 5.09)*** 2.70 (0.99, 7.34) 2.79 (1.35, 5.76)* 2.73 (1.53, 4.89)*** 2.59 (0.96, 7.00) 2.70 (1.31, 5.57)*
Educational level
 No formal 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Primary school 0.83 (0.69, 1.00) 0.87 (0.64, 1.17) 0.82 (0.64, 1.03) 0.83 (0.69, 1.00) 0.86 (0.64, 1.16) 0.81 (0.64, 1.03)
 Junior high school or above 0.77 (0.55, 1.08) 0.85 (0.53, 1.38) 0.73 (0.45, 1.21) 0.77 (0.55, 1.08) 0.86 (0.53, 1.38) 0.73 (0.45, 1.21)
Annual household income (Chinese yuan)
  < 12,000 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 12,000-59,999 0.84 (0.7, 1.02) 0.79 (0.57, 1.11) 0.88 (0.69, 1.11) 0.84 (0.70, 1.02) 0.78 (0.56, 1.09) 0.88 (0.69, 1.11)
 60,000-99,999 0.92 (0.67, 1.26) 0.73 (0.43, 1.24) 1.06 (0.70, 1.59) 0.92 (0.67, 1.26) 0.73 (0.43, 1.25) 1.05 (0.70, 1.58)
  > 100,000 0.95 (0.67, 1.35) 0.75 (0.43, 1.30) 1.14 (0.72, 1.80) 0.96 (0.68, 1.36) 0.75 (0.43, 1.31) 1.15 (0.73, 1.82)
Occupation
 Peasant 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Employed 1.00 (0.72, 1.37) 0.85 (0.54, 1.32) 1.15 (0.71, 1.85) 1.00 (0.73, 1.38) 0.86 (0.55, 1.35) 1.13 (0.70, 1.82)
 Unemployed 0.88 (0.68, 1.15) 0.71 (0.47, 1.07) 0.99 (0.70, 1.4) 0.88 (0.68, 1.15) 0.71 (0.47, 1.08) 0.99 (0.70, 1.40)
 Retired 1.36 (0.89, 2.09) 1.35 (0.71, 2.54) 1.17 (0.65, 2.11) 1.39 (0.91, 2.12) 1.37 (0.73, 2.58) 1.19 (0.66, 2.14)
Commercial insurance status
 No 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Yes 1.77 (1.17, 2.69)* 1.41 (0.71, 2.80) 2.09 (1.22, 3.57)* 1.75 (1.15, 2.65)* 1.37 (0.69, 2.72) 2.07 (1.21, 3.54)*
Smoking status
 Never 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Former 1.00 (0.71, 1.40) 1.03 (0.71, 1.50) 0.97 (0.40, 2.35) 1.02 (0.72, 1.43) 1.05 (0.72, 1.53) 0.99 (0.41, 2.40)
 Current 0.76 (0.59, 0.98)* 0.83 (0.60, 1.14) 0.61 (0.38, 0.97)* 0.76 (0.59, 0.99)* 0.83 (0.60, 1.14) 0.60 (0.38, 0.96)*
Drinking status
 Never 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Former 1.08 (0.68, 1.73) 1.41 (0.75, 2.68) 0.81 (0.41, 1.6) 1.10 (0.69, 1.75) 1.43 (0.76, 2.71) 0.80 (0.41, 1.58)
 Current 0.73 (0.53, 0.99)* 0.77 (0.53, 1.11) 0.65 (0.37, 1.15) 0.73 (0.54, 1.00) 0.77 (0.53, 1.12) 0.66 (0.37, 1.16)
Body mass index
  < 24 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
  [24,28) 0.84 (0.69, 1.02) 0.75 (0.55, 1.04) 0.90 (0.70, 1.16) 0.84 (0.69, 1.02) 0.76 (0.55, 1.05) 0.89 (0.69, 1.15)
  ≥ 28 1.02 (0.80, 1.30) 0.78 (0.51, 1.19) 1.20 (0.88, 1.63) 1.03 (0.80, 1.31) 0.79 (0.52, 1.21) 1.20 (0.88, 1.63)
History of hypertension
 No 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Yes 1.09 (0.91, 1.29) 0.96 (0.72, 1.29) 1.17 (0.93, 1.46) 1.09 (0.92, 1.30) 0.96 (0.72, 1.29) 1.18 (0.94, 1.47)
History of diabetes
 No 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Yes 1.05 (0.68, 1.61) 1.30 (0.71, 2.36) 0.90 (0.48, 1.66) 1.04 (0.68, 1.59) 1.27 (0.7, 2.32) 0.9 (0.48, 1.67)
Depression
 No 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Yes 1.98 (1.09, 3.58)* 2.34 (0.85, 6.47) 1.83 (0.88, 3.84) 1.94 (1.07, 3.50)* 2.29 (0.83, 6.34) 1.79 (0.86, 3.73)
Anxiety
 No 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.) 1.00 (ref.)
 Yes 2.16 (1.23, 3.80)* 1.51 (0.46, 4.89) 2.45 (1.27, 4.74)* 2.17 (1.24, 3.81)* 1.53 (0.47, 4.97) 2.44 (1.27, 4.72)*
  1. Bolden numbers indicate statistical significance (*p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001)