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Table 2 Bivariate association for children who did not receive VAS and IS among children aged 6–59 months by background characteristics in India, 2005–06 and 2015–16

From: Does socio-economic inequality exist in micro-nutrients supplementation among children aged 6–59 months in India? Evidence from National Family Health Survey 2005–06 and 2015–16

Background characteristics Categories Children who did not receive VAS Difference (p-value) Children who did not receive IS Difference (p-value)
2005–06 2015–16 2005–06 2015–16
Age of the child 6–23 months 79.1 40.0 39.1 (0.001) 95.0 74.2 20.8 (0.001)
24–59 months 88.5 43.1 45.4 (0.001) 95.5 73.9 21.6 (0.001)
Sex of the child Male 85.5 42.1 43.4 (0.001) 95.0 73.8 21.2 (0.001)
Female 85.5 42.2 43.3 (0.001) 95.6 74.1 21.5 (0.001)
Mother’s education No education 89.4 50.6 38.8 (0.001) 97.4 79.1 18.3 (0.001)
Primary 84.9 44.8 40.1 (0.001) 95.5 75.5 20.0 (0.001)
Secondary 80.5 37.3 43.2 (0.001) 93.1 71.0 22.1 (0.001)
Higher 80.6 35.3 45.3 (0.001) 88.6 69.7 18.9 (0.001)
Birth order 1st order 83.4 40.7 42.7 (0.001) 94.9 73.3 21.6 (0.001)
2–3 order 90.2 46.0 44.2 (0.001) 96.3 75.5 20.8 (0.001)
4–6 order 91.6 60.7 30.9 (0.001) 98.8 83.5 15.3 (0.001)
Currently breastfeeding No 87.4 41.9 45.5 (0.001) 94.1 72.5 21.6 (0.001)
Yes 84.6 42.3 42.3 (0.001) 96.0 74.8 21.2 (0.001)
Wealth index Poor 87.5 46.7 40.8 (0.001) 97.2 77.4 19.8 (0.001)
Middle 84.6 40.2 44.4 (0.001) 95.7 72.6 23.1 (0.001)
Rich 83.2 37.0 46.2 (0.001) 92.5 69.9 22.6 (0.001)
Caste SC/ST 85.6 41.9 43.7 (0.001) 95.3 73.2 22.1 (0.001)
Non SC/ST 84.0 42.4 41.6 (0.001) 95.8 74.6 21.2 (0.001)
Religion Hindu 85.5 41.2 44.3 (0.001) 95.3 73.6 21.7 (0.001)
Muslim 85.6 47.9 37.7 (0.001) 96.1 76.8 19.3 (0.001)
Others 85.1 35.4 49.7 (0.001) 93.7 68.2 25.5 (0.001)
Place of residence Urban 84.5 39.2 45.3 (0.001) 93.0 70.9 22.1 (0.001)
Rural 85.9 43.3 42.6 (0.001) 96.2 75.2 21.0 (0.001)
EAG and non-EAG States EAG and Assam 78.0 50.3 27.7 (0.001) 91.8 80.7 11.1 (0.001)
Non-EAG 87.1 32.5 54.6 (0.001) 96.1 65.9 30.2 (0.001)
  1. EAG states include Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Rajasthan and Assam
  2. *Non-EAG states include the rest of Indian states except EAG and Assam
  3. Differences 2005–06 – 2015-16, VAS Vitamin A supplementation, IS Iron supplement supplementation, SC/ST Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe