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Table 5 Participants’ knowledge about influenza and influenza vaccination

From: Determinants of influenza vaccine uptake and willingness to be vaccinated by pharmacists among the active adult population in Hungary: a cross-sectional exploratory study

Question Correct answer Answer Vaccinated
n = 200 (100%)
Unvaccinated
n = 1431 (100%)
Total
n = 1631 (100%)
Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)
Influenza is an infectious disease True Correct 194(97.0) 1333(93.2) 1527(93.6)
  Wrong 4(2.0) 57(4.0) 61(3.7)
  Do not know 0(0.0) 30(2.1) 30(1.8)
  NA 2(1.0) 11(0.8) 13(0.8)
Influenza vaccination is recommended annually for the risk groups True Correct 194(97.0) 1122(78.4) 1316(80.7)
  Wrong 0(0.0) 87(6.1) 87(5.3)
  Do not know 3(1.5) 205(14.3) 208(12.8)
  NA 3(1.5) 17(1.2) 20(1.2)
Influenza vaccination is highly/specially recommended for the elderly True Correct 189(94.5) 988(69.0) 1282(78.6)
  Wrong 1(0.5) 148(10.3) 119(7.3)
  Do not know 6(3.0) 280(19.6) 209(12.8)
  NA 4(2.0) 15(1.1) 21(1.3)
Influenza vaccination is highly/specially recommended for those with chronic diseases True Correct 185(92.5) 1093(76.4) 1173(71.9)
  Wrong 4(2.0) 118(8.3) 152(9.3)
  Do not know 9(4.5) 203(14.2) 289(17.7)
  NA 2(1.0) 17(1.2) 17(1.0)
Elderly and those with certain chronic diseases can get the flu vaccination for free True Correct 183(91.5) 1009(70.5) 1192(73.1)
  Wrong 4(2.0) 48(3.4) 52(3.2)
  Do not know 11(5.5) 360(25.2) 371(22.8)
  NA 2(1.0) 14(1.0) 16(1.0)
Influenza is a synonym for common cold False Correct 179(89.5) 1239(86.6) 1418(86.9)
  Wrong 9(4.5) 106(7.4) 115(7.1)
  Do not know 7(3.5) 73(5.1) 80(4.9)
  NA 5(2.5) 13(0.9) 18(1.1)
In case of fever the vaccination should be postponed True Correct 177(88.5) 1176(82.2) 1353(83.0)
  Wrong 7(3.5) 41(2.9) 48(2.9)
  Do not know 13(6.5) 199(13.9) 212(13.0)
  NA 3(1.5) 15(1.1) 18(1.1)
The best method to prevent influenza is the influenza vaccination True Correct 172(86.0) 619(43.3) 791(48.5)
  Wrong 12(6.0) 453(31.7) 465(28.5)
  Do not know 13(6.5) 339(23.7) 352(21.6)
  NA 3(1.5) 20(1.4) 23(1.4)
Time to onset of action is 2 weeks for influenza vaccination in case of adults True Correct 163(81.5) 841(58.8) 1004(61.6)
  Wrong 6(3.0) 68(4.8) 74(4.5)
  Do not know 29(14.5) 501(35.0) 530(32.5)
  NA 2(1.0) 21(1.5) 23(1.4)
Influenza vaccine contains safe ingredients True Correct 159(79.5) 606(42.4) 765(46.9)
  Wrong 8(4.0) 258(18.0) 266(16.3)
  Do not know 31(15.5) 544(38.0) 575(35.3)
  NA 2(1.0) 23(1.6) 25(1.5)
Influenza can be prevented by high dose vitamin C (min. 500 mg daily) instead of vaccination False Correct 156(78.0) 662(46.3) 818(50.2)
  Wrong 12(6.0) 407(28.4) 419(25.7)
  Do not know 30(15.0) 344(24.0) 374(22.9)
  NA 2(1.0) 18(1.3) 20(1.2)
Antibiotics work against influenza False Correct 155(77.5) 953(66.6) 1108(67.9)
  Wrong 24(12.0) 321(22.4) 345(21.2)
  Do not know 18(9.0) 144(10.1) 162(9.9)
  NA 3(1.5) 13(0.9) 16(1.0)
The flu vaccination can weaken the immune system False Correct 151(75.5) 652(45.6) 803(49.2)
  Wrong 24(12.0) 439(30.7) 463(28.4)
  Do not know 22(11.0) 320(22.4) 342(21.0)
  NA 3(1.5) 20(1.4) 23(1.4)
Influenza can be prevented by herbs (e.g. honey, ginger tea) instead of vaccination False Correct 143(71.5) 672(47.0) 815(50.0)
  Wrong 13(6.5) 374(26.1) 387(23.7)
  Do not know 41(20.5) 368(25.7) 409(25.1)
  NA 3(1.5) 17(1.2) 20(1.2)
You should not take influenza vaccination if you have already got influenza False Correct 117(58.5) 625(43.7) 742(45.5)
  Wrong 49(24.5) 421(29.4) 470(28.8)
  Do not know 32(16.0) 370(25.9) 402(24.7)
  NA 2(1.0) 15(1.0) 17(1.0)
The flu vaccination can cause flu False Correct 109(54.5) 390(27.3) 499(30.6)
  Wrong 62(31.0) 711(49.7) 773(47.4)
  Do not know 27(13.5) 308(21.5) 335(20.5)
  NA 2(1.0) 22(1.5) 24(1.5)
In case of egg allergy, the flu vaccination can be taken True Correct 58(29.0) 323(22.6) 381(23.4)
  Wrong 61(30.5) 264(18.5) 325(19.9)
  Do not know 79(39.5) 822(57.4) 901(55.2)
  NA 2(1.0) 22(1.5) 24(1.5)