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Table 3 Domestic Violence and Abuse (DVA) related Emergency Room (ER) visits and inequalities index scores by marginalization indices and quintiles, 2012–2016 (n = 10,124)

From: Domestic violence and abuse related emergency room visits in Ontario, Canada

Marginalization Indices Annual rate per 100,000 persons (no. of cases) Slope Index of Inequality (95% CI) Relative Index of Inequality (95% CI)
Q1a Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5b
Instability 9.4 (1354) 11.5 (1422) 15.6 (1817) 19.7 (2343) 23.4 (3188) −18.6 (− 22.7 to −14.5) † 3.9 (2.6 to 5.7) †
Deprivation 8.7 (1010) 10.6 (1313) 13.9 (1741) 15.9 (2071) 27.8 (3989) − 22.4 (− 38.9 to − 6.0)† 5.9 (0.7 to 47.2)
Dependency 14.2 (2415) 15.8 (2026) 17.2 (2006) 16.7 (1811) 16.2 (1866) − 2.8 (− 7.4 to 1.9) 1.2 (0.9 to 1.6)
Ethnic Concentration 20.2 (2079) 19.0 (2035) 14.7 (1725) 12.6 (1657) 14.6 (2628) 8.2 (−2.6 to 19.1) 0.6 (0.3 to 1.2)
  1. aLeast marginalized, b Most marginalized, † Statistically significant (p < 0.05)