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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression analysis of factors associated with current tobacco use among study participants (N = 3346), Arba Minch HDSS, South Ethiopia

From: Tobacco use and associated factors among adults reside in Arba Minch health and demographic surveillance site, southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Categories Current Tobacco Use
Smoked & Smokeless Smoked Smokeless
AOR (95% CI) P-Value AOR (95%CI) P-Value AOR (95% CI) P-Value
Sex
 Male Reference      
 Female 0.54(0.42,0.68)* < 0.01 0.56(0.44,0.73)* < 0.01 0.54(0.40,0.74)* < 0.01
Age group
 25–34 Reference      
 35–44 1.57(1.14,2.17)* 0.006 1.97(1.34,2.9)* 0.001 1.19(0.81,1.75) 0.381
 45–54 1.99(1.45,2.74)* < 0.01 2.75(1.88,4.01)* < 0.01 1.06(0.71,1.58) 0.759
 55–64 3.26(2.37,4.48)* < 0.01 5.07(3.48,7.40)* < 0.01 1.51(1.02,2.23) * 0.038
Residency
 Rural Reference      
 Urban 1.26(0.86,1.85) 0.243 0.82(0.47,1.41) 0.462 1.23(0.77,1.97) 0.383
Marital status
 Unmarried Reference      
 Married 1.09(0.77,1.55) 0.624 1.04(0.70,1.55) 0.853 0.95(0.60,1.52) 0.839
Occupation
 Farmer Reference      
 Daily laborer 0.87(0.56,1.35) 0.537 0.88(0.52,1.48) 0.62 0.66(0.36,1.21) 0.178
 Housewife 0.88(0.65,1.19) 0.407 0.83(0.60,1.16) 0.283 0.58(0.38,0.91)* 0.017
 Other@ 0.66(0.43,0.99)* 0.045 0.55(0.33,0.9) 0.019 0.65(0.39,1.09) 0.106
Educational status
 No formal education Reference      
 Primary school 0.94(0.70,1.27) 0.697 1.00(0.70,1.43) 0.994 0.72(0.49,1.04) 0.081
 Secondary & above 0.56(0.30,1.04) 0.066 0.52(0.22,1.21) 0.129 0.44(0.21,0.93)* 0.032
Wealth Index
 1st quantile Reference      
 2nd quantile 1.02(0.78,1.34) 0.891 1.04(0.78,1.40) 0.773 0.99(0.69,1.42) 0.945
 3rd quantile 0.91(0.68,1.22) 0.538 0.93(0.67,1.28) 0.637 1.16(0.80,1.68) 0.444
 4th quantile 0.95(0.70,1.30) 0.765 0.84(0.60,1.18) 0.326 1.28(0.87,1.89) 0.207
 5th quantile 0.72(0.51,1.01) 0.06 0.61(0.41,0.92)* 0.019 1.11(0.73,1.69) 0.629
Heavy alcohol consumption
 No Reference      
 Yes 3.97(3.07,5.12)* < 0.01 3.55(2.69,4.68)* < 0.01 4.09(3.10,5.39)* < 0.01
Physical activity level
 Low Reference      
 Moderate 0.65(0.44,0.96)* 0.029 0.49(0.31,0.77)* 0.002 0.79(0.48,1.29) 0.344
 High 0.91(0.72,1.16) 0.449 0.88(0.68,1.14) 0.324 0.89(0.65,1.2) 0.441
Khat chewing within 30 days
 No Reference      
 Yes 3.07(1.64,5.77)* < 0.01 3.64(1.73,7.66)* 0.001 2.22(1.07,4.59)* 0.031
Mental stress
 Mild Reference      
 Moderate 1.11(0.90,1.37) 0.312 1.19(0.95,1.49) 0.132 1.12(0.86,1.45) 0.418
 Severe 1.49(0.91,2.45) 0.115 1.44(0.81,2.55) 0.216 1.79(1.02,3.14)* 0.043
Altitude
 Lowland Reference      
 Midland 1.03(0.68,1.56) 0.903 0.96(0.57,1.62) 0.869 1.05(0.64,1.73) 0.843
 Highland 4.39(3.21,6.01)* < 0.01 6.79(4.68,9.85)* < 0.01 1.9(1.28,2.81)* 0.001
  1. * Significant at P-Value< 0.05
  2. @ other include merchant, employee of the organizations, and unemployed