Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of the population reporting unmet and met healthcare needs in Iran 2016

From: Socioeconomic determinants of unmet need for outpatient healthcare services in Iran: a national cross-sectional study

  Unmet healthcare needs Met healthcare needs p-value*
2217 (17.05) 10,788 (82.95)
Predisposing factors
 Sex:    0.156
  Male 918 (17.61) 4292 (82.39)  
  Female 1299 (16.66) 6496 (83.34)  
 Age:    < 0.001
  Under 30 433 (14.95) 2462 (85.05)  
  30–59 1282 (18.13) 5786 (81.87)  
  60 and above 502 (16.50) 2540 (83.50)  
 Marital status:    0.030
  Married 1659 (17.06) 8061 (82.94)  
  Widowed or divorced 262 (19.02) 1115 (80.98)  
  Single 296 (15.51) 1612 (84.49)  
 Education:    < 0.001
  Illiterate 700 (20.31) 2746 (79.69)  
  Primary 636 (18.96) 2717 (81.87)  
  Secondary 336 (15.96) 1768 (84.04)  
  Diploma or higher 545 (13.28) 3557 (86.72)  
 Employment status:    0.097
  Employed 559 (16.74) 2542 (83.26)  
  Unemployed 1658 (18.02) 8246 (81.98)  
Enabling factors
 Area of residence:    < 0.001
  Urban 1349 (15.50) 7349 (84.50)  
  Rural 868 (20.15) 3439 (79.85)  
 Economic status:    < 0.001
  Poorest 622 (23.65) 2008 (76.35)  
  Poor 458 (17.73) 2125 (82.27)  
  Middle 438 (16.90) 2153 (83.1)  
  Rich 397 (15.26) 2203 (84.74)  
  Richest 302 (11.61) 2299 (88.39)  
 Basic health insurance:    0.064
  Yes 2063 (16.89) 10,150 (83.11)  
  No 154 (19.44) 638 (80.56)  
 Complementary health insurance:    < 0.001
  Yes 281 (11.44) 2174 (88.56)  
  No 1936 (18.35) 8614 (81.65)  
Need factors
 Number of outpatient needs:    < 0.001
  One 1451 (13.92) 8969 (86.08)  
  Two or above 766 (29.63) 1819 (70.37)  
  1. *p-value: Chi-square test on the difference of unmet and met needs of health care across different socio-demographic groups