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Table 3 Chi-square test of association between PHQ-9 and analyzed variables

From: Reduced level of physical activity during COVID-19 pandemic is associated with depression and anxiety levels: an internet-based survey

Variables Df p value Cramér’s V
Time of adoption 19.97 20 0.46 0.05
Restriction level 33.28 12 < 0.001* 0.07
Family income 104.95 16 < 0.001* 0.12
IPAQ current 88.82 16 < 0.001* 0.11
Δ IPAQ 61.89 8 < 0.001* 0.18
  1. * Statistically significant association (p ≤ 0.05); IPAQ - International physical activity questionnaire; PHQ-9 - Patient Health Questionnaire-9; Δ IPAQ - the difference between the current and pre-pandemic categories of IPAQ; X2 –Chi-square result; df – degrees of freedom