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Table 6 Torturing Environment Blocks by decade of detention (N = 201)

From: Beyond torture checklists: an exploratory study of the reliability and construct validity of the Torturing Environment Scale (TES)

Blocks median (IQR) Before 1979 1980’ 1990’ 2000–2010 Test statistic Epsilon-squared estimate
Context Manipulation 6 (4–9) 6 (4–8)a 7 (4–9) 8 (6–9)a 8.388* 0.053
Threats-Fear 6.5 (5–10) 7 (5–9) 7 (4–10) 7 (5–8) 0.288 0.002
Pain 8 (4–10) 8 (6–10) 6 (4–10) 8 (4–10) 1.934 0.012
Extreme Pain 0 (0–4) 0 (0–0) 0 (0–0) 0 (0–0) 7.144 0.046
Sexual integrity 0 (0–2) a 0 (0–4) 2 (0–4) 2 (0–8) a 9.757* 0.062
Need to belong 4 (4–4) 4 (0–6) 4 (4–4) 4 (4–6) 4.182 0.027
Identity, Meaning 4 (2–5) a 4 (2–6) b 4 (2–6) 6 (4–8) a, b 14.158** 0.090
Coercive Interrogation 9 (4–12) 8 (6–10) 10 (6–12) 10 (8–12) 7.390 0.047
PPT-Manipulation 4 (3–5.5) 4 (3–5.5) 4.5 (3.5–5.5) 5 (4–6) 8.204* 0.052
PPT-Physical 2.5 (2–4.5) 2,6 (2–3.5) 2.3 (1.5–3.8) 2,5 (1–3.5) 2.064 0.013
PPT-Psychological 3.7 (2.3–4.3)a 3.8 (2.9–4.6)b 3.9 (2.9–4.8) 4.3 (3.3–5.4) a, b 10.208* 0.065
  1. The superscript letters are the same in those groups between which there are differences. In the Context Manipulation variable, the differences between groups have a p-value at the limit of statistical significance
  2. *p-values< 0.05, **p < 0.01